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American Journal Of Mathematics

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American Journal of Mathematics :

Mathematics

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Contributions to analysis and geometry : supplement to the American journal of mathematics

Mathematics

Author - D. N. Clark
Publisher - Johns Hopkins Univ Pr
Pages - 357
ISBN -


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American Journal of Mathematics, 1914, Vol. 36 (Classic Reprint) :

Mathematics

Author - Johns Hopkins University
Publisher - Forgotten Books
Pages - 486
ISBN - 9780484287425


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Detail - Excerpt from American Journal of Mathematics, 1914, Vol. 36 About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

American Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 12 (Classic Reprint) :

Mathematics

Author - Johns Hopkins University
Publisher - Forgotten Books
Pages - 424
ISBN - 9780365131144


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Detail - Excerpt from American Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 12 But it will be convenient to retain the whole system, for it includes the full aggregate of equations which are similar to one another in form. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

American Journal of Education :

Education

Author - William Russell
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Canadian Journal of Mathematics :

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Pages - 256
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Historiography of Mathematics in the 19th and 20th Centuries :

Mathematics

Author - Volker R. Remmert, Martina Schneider, Henrik Kragh Sørensen
Publisher - Birkhäuser
Pages - 276
ISBN - 3319396498


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Detail - This book addresses the historiography of mathematics as it was practiced during the 19th and 20th centuries by paying special attention to the cultural contexts in which the history of mathematics was written. In the 19th century, the history of mathematics was recorded by a diverse range of people trained in various fields and driven by different motivations and aims. These backgrounds often shaped not only their writing on the history of mathematics, but, in some instances, were also influential in their subsequent reception. During the period from roughly 1880-1940, mathematics modernized in important ways, with regard to its content, its conditions for cultivation, and its identity; and the writing of the history of mathematics played into the last part in particular. Parallel to the modernization of mathematics, the history of mathematics gradually evolved into a field of research with its own journals, societies and academic positions. Reflecting both a new professional identity and changes in its primary audience, various shifts of perspective in the way the history of mathematics was and is written can still be observed to this day. Initially concentrating on major internal, universal developments in certain sub-disciplines of mathematics, the field gradually gravitated towards a focus on contexts of knowledge production involving individuals, local practices, problems, communities, and networks. The goal of this book is to link these disciplinary and methodological changes in the history of mathematics to the broader cultural contexts of its practitioners, namely the historians of mathematics during the period in question.

The American Mathematical Monthly : The Official Journal of the Mathematical Association of America

Mathematicians

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Fuzzy Logic and Mathematics : A Historical Perspective

Mathematics

Author - Radim Belohlavek, Joseph W. Dauben, George J. Klir
Publisher - Oxford University Press
Pages - 544
ISBN - 019066570X


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Detail - The term "fuzzy logic," as it is understood in this book, stands for all aspects of representing and manipulating knowledge based on the rejection of the most fundamental principle of classical logic---the principle of bivalence. According to this principle, each declarative sentence is required to be either true or false. In fuzzy logic, these classical truth values are not abandoned. However, additional, intermediate truth values between true and false are allowed, which are interpreted as degrees of truth. This opens a new way of thinking---thinking in terms of degrees rather than absolutes. For example, it leads to the definition of a new kind of sets, referred to as fuzzy sets, in which membership is a matter of degree. The book examines the genesis and development of fuzzy logic. It surveys the prehistory of fuzzy logic and inspects circumstances that eventually lead to the emergence of fuzzy logic. The book explores in detail the development of propositional, predicate, and other calculi that admit degrees of truth, which are known as fuzzy logic in the narrow sense. Fuzzy logic in the broad sense, whose primary aim is to utilize degrees of truth for emulating common-sense human reasoning in natural language, is scrutinized as well. The book also examines principles for developing mathematics based on fuzzy logic and provides overviews of areas in which this has been done most effectively. It also presents a detailed survey of established and prospective applications of fuzzy logic in various areas of human affairs, and provides an assessment of the significance of fuzzy logic as a new paradigm.

The Emergence of the American Mathematical Research Community, 1876-1900 : J.J. Sylvester, Felix Klein, and E.H. Moore

Science

Author - Karen Hunger Parshall, David E. Rowe
Publisher - American Mathematical Soc.
Pages - 500
ISBN - 9780821809075


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Detail - This volume traces the transformation of the United States from a mathematical backwater to a major presence during the quarter-century from 1876 to 1900. Presenting a detailed study of the major figures involved in this transformation, it focuses on the three most influential individuals--the British algebraist James Joseph Sylvester, the German standard-bearer Felix Klein, and the American mathematician Eliakim Hastings Moore--and on the principal institutions with which they were associated--the Johns Hopkins University, Gottingen University, and the University of Chicago. This book further analyzes the research traditions these men and their institutions represented, the impact they had on the second generation of American mathematical researchers, and the role of the American Mathematical Society in these developments. This is the first work ever written on the history of American mathematics during this period and one of the few books that examines the historical development of American mathematics from a wide perspective. By placing the development of American mathematics within the context of broader external factors affecting historical events, the authors show how the character of American research was decisively affected by the surrounding scientific, educational, and social contexts of the period. Aimed at a general mathematical audience and at historians of science, this book contains an abundance of unpublished archival material, numerous rare photographs, and an extensive bibliography.

American Journal of Science : The First Scientific Journal in the United States : Devoted to the Geological Sciences and to Related Fields

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The Collected Mathematical Papers of James Joseph Sylvester: :

Mathematics

Author - James Joseph Sylvester, H. F. Baker
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 798
ISBN - 1107644186


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Detail - James Joseph Sylvester (1814-97) was an English mathematician who made key contributions to numerous areas of his field and was also of primary importance in the development of American mathematics, both as inaugural Professor of Mathematics at Johns Hopkins University and founder of the American Journal of Mathematics. Originally published in 1912, this book forms the fourth in four volumes of Sylvester's mathematical papers, covering the period from 1882 to 1897. Together these volumes provide a comprehensive resource that will be of value to anyone with an interest in Sylvester's theories and the history of mathematics.