Dwarf Galaxies Keys To Galaxy Formation And Evolution

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Dwarf Galaxies: Keys to Galaxy Formation and Evolution : Proceedings of Symposium 3 of JENAM 2010

Science

Author - Polychronis Papaderos, Simone Recchi, Gerhard Hensler
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 346
ISBN - 3642220185


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Detail - Dwarf galaxy research constitutes an extremely vibrant field of astrophysical research, with many long-standing questions still unsettled and new ones constantly arising. The intriguing diversity of the dwarf galaxy population, observed with advanced ground-based and space-borne observatories over a wide spectral window providing an unprecedented level of detail, poses new challenges for both observers and theoreticians. The aim of this symposium was to bring together these two groups to exchange ideas and new results on the many evolutionary aspects of and open issues concerning dwarf galaxies. The main topics addressed include: the birth of dwarf galaxies: theoretical concepts and observable relics across wavelengths and time, the morphological, structural and chemical evolution of dwarf galaxies, possible evolutionary connections between early-type and late-type dwarfs, the star formation history of dwarf galaxies and its dependence on intrinsic and environmental properties, the origin and implications of starburst activity in dwarf galaxies, the fate of dwarfish systems born out of tidally ejected matter in galaxy collisions.

Galaxy Formation and Evolution :

Science

Author - Hyron Spinrad
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 198
ISBN - 3540290079


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Detail - An Astronomical Life – Observing the Depths of the Universe” Though science as a subject can be di?cult, what has been more important for me is that its practice can also be rewarding fun! This book is crafted to expose the reader to the excitement of modern observational cosmology through the study of galaxy evolution over space and cosmic time. Recent extragalactic research has led to many rapid advances in the ?eld. Even a suitable skeptic of certain pronouncements about the age and structure of the Universe should be pleased with the large steps that have been taken in furthering our understanding of the Universe since the early 1990’s. My personal involvement in galaxy research goes back to the 1960’s. At that point, galaxies were easily recognized and partially understood as organized c- lections of stars and gas. What their masses were presented a problem, which I supposed would just fade away. But fade it didn’t. Distant active nuclei and quasars were discovered in the mid-1960’s. A c- mon view of QSOs was that they have large redshifts, but what use are they for cosmology or normal galaxy astrophysics? I shared that conclusion. My expec- tions fell below their potential utility. In short, the Universe of our expectations rarely matches the Universe as it is discovered.

From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies : Dialogues on a Century of Research

Science

Author - Mauro D'Onofrio, Roberto Rampazzo, Simone Zaggia
Publisher - Springer
Pages - 785
ISBN - 3319310062


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Detail - In order to outline possible future directions in galaxy research, this book wants to be a short stopover, a moment of self-reflection of the past century of achievements in this area. Since the pioneering years of galaxy research in the early 20th century, the research on galaxies has seen a relentless advance directly connected to the parallel exponential growth of new technologies. Through a series of interviews with distinguished astronomers the editors provide a snapshot of the achievements obtained in understanding galaxies. While many initial questions about their nature have been addressed, many are still open and require new efforts to achieve a solution. The discussions may reveal paradigms worthwhile revisiting. With the help of some of those scientists who have contributed to it, the editors sketch the history of this scientific journey and ask them for inspirations for future directions of galaxy research.

Secular Evolution of Galaxies :

Science

Author - Jesús Falcón-Barroso, Johan H. Knapen
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 638
ISBN - 1107035279


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Detail - Graduate-level text on galaxy evolution, one of the most popular research topics in astrophysics, with chapters contributed by leading astronomers.

The Evolution of Galaxies : II — Basic Building Blocks

Science

Author - Marc Sauvage, Grazyna Stasinska, D. Schaerer
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 562
ISBN - 9401733112


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Detail - Galaxies have a history. This has become clear from recent sky surveys which have shown that distant galaxies, formed early in the life of the Universe, differ from the nearby ones. New observational windows at ultraviolet, infrared and millimetric wavelengths (provided by ROSAT, IRAM, IUE, IRAS, ISO) have revealed that galaxies contain a wealth of components: very hot gas, atomic hydrogen, molecules, dust, dark matter ... A significant advance is expected due to new instruments (VLT, FIRST, XMM) which will allow one to explore the most distant Universe. Three Euroconferences have been planned to punctuate this new epoch in galactic research, bringing together specialists in various fields of Astronomy.

The Environment and Evolution of Galaxies :

Science

Author - J.M. Shull, Harley Thronson
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 585
ISBN - 9780792325420


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Detail - In July 1992, over 300 astronomers attended the Third Tetons Summer School on the subject of `The Environment and Evolution of Galaxies'. This book presents 28 papers based on invited review talks and a panel discussion on `The Nature of High Redshift Objects'. The major themes include: the Interstellar and Intergalactic Medium, Galaxy Formation and Evolution, Cooling Flows, Quasars and Radiation Backgrounds, and Interactions between Galaxies/AGNs and their Environment. Recent advances with the ROSAT, COBE and Hubble Space Telescope are discussed, together with current theoretical developments. The tutorial nature of the papers make this book a valuable supplement for professional astonomers, graduate students, and senior undergraduates. As with previous Tetons conferences, this book provides both the current state of observational and theoretical research and material complementary to courses in extragalactic and interstellar astrophysics.

Lessons from the Local Group : A Conference in honour of David Block and Bruce Elmegreen

Science

Author - Kenneth Freeman, Bruce Elmegreen, David Block, Matthew Woolway
Publisher - Springer
Pages - 516
ISBN - 3319106147


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Detail - Our understanding of galaxy formation comes mostly from two sources: sensitive observations at high angular resolution of the high-redshift Universe, where galaxies are observed to be forming, and detailed observations of individual stars and clouds in the Local Group, where telltale remnants from its formative time remain and similar processes operate at a low level today. The current conference focusses on key aspects of the Local Group, composed of the Milky Way, Andromeda and Triangulum Spiral Galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic Cloud galaxies, numerous dwarf and irregular galaxies, and intergalactic gas. Topics include the halo and thick disk of the Milky Way with its first stars and stellar streams; the Milky Way bar, bulge and outer edge; interstellar dust and turbulence; star formation processes and stellar scattering in spiral arms; views through the infrared Eyes of the Spitzer Space Telescope; globular clusters; the Local Gould Belt; stellar metallicities and elemental abundances; the environment and black hole in the Milky Way nucleus; orbits of the Magellanic Clouds and galaxy dwarfs; interstellar dust and turbulence; the outer disks and halos of the Andromeda and Triangulum galaxies; ripples from a collision in Andromeda; and arcs of carbon stars in the Triangulum and intergalactic clouds. This volume also discusses surveys of planetary nebulae, galaxy morphology at low and high redshift, cosmic evolution of star and galaxy formation and gas accretion, Lyman alpha emitting galaxies, ultra-low surface brightness imaging, and more. Readers are given a clear and comprehensive view of this wide range of topics written by specialists in each field. This is the proceedings of an International Conference at the Seychelles archipelago in May 2014, on the occasion of the 60th birthday of David Block and the millionth (base two) birthday of Bruce Elmegreen.

Galaxy Evolution: Connecting the Distant Universe with the Local Fossil Record : Proceedings of a Colloquium held at the Observatoire de Paris-Meudon from 21–25 September, 1998

Science

Author - Monique Spite
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 575
ISBN - 9401142130


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Detail - This up-to-date review of the basic elements directly connected to the evolution of galaxies links data about remote galaxies to the observation of very old populations in our own galaxy. Young researchers and well-known specialists discuss the difficulties and remaining uncertainties of the problem.

Asteroseismology of Stellar Populations in the Milky Way :

Science

Author - Andrea Miglio, Patrick Eggenberger, Léo Girardi, Josefina Montalbán
Publisher - Springer
Pages - 185
ISBN - 3319109936


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Detail - The detection of radial and non-radial solar-like oscillations in thousands of G-K giants with CoRoT and Kepler is paving the road for detailed studies of stellar populations in the Galaxy. The available average seismic constraints allow largely model-independent determination of stellar radii and masses, and can be used to determine the position and age of thousands of stars in different regions of the Milky Way, and of giants belonging to open clusters. Such a close connection between stellar evolution, Galactic evolution, and asteroseismology opens a new very promising gate in our understanding of stars and galaxies. This book represents a natural progression from the collection of review papers presented in the book 'Red Giants as Probes of the Structure and Evolution of the Milky Way', which appeared in the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings series in 2012. This sequel volume contains review papers on spectroscopy, seismology of red giants, open questions in Galactic astrophysics, and discusses first results achieved by combining photometric/spectroscopic and seismic constraints on populations of stars observed by CoRoT and Kepler. The book also reports on discussions between expert researchers in Galactic evolution, specialists in stellar structure and asteroseismology, and key representatives of extensive ground-based spectroscopic surveys such as APOGEE and the ESO-GAIA Spectroscopic Survey, which would serve as a roadmap for future endeavours in this field of research.

Galaxy Interactions at Low and High Redshift : Proceedings of the 186th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, Held at Kyoto, Japan, 26-30 August 1997

Science

Author - International Astronomical Union. Symposium, J. E. BARNES (Ed), D.B. Sanders
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 519
ISBN - 9780792358329


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Detail - Proceedings of the 186th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union, held at Kyoto, Japan, 26-30 August 1997

The Physics of Galaxy Formation :

Science

Author - Claudia Del P. Lagos
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 247
ISBN - 3319015265


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Detail - This thesis addresses two of the central processes which underpin the formation of galaxies: the formation of stars and the injection of energy into the interstellar medium from supernovae, called feedback. In her work Claudia Lagos has completely overhauled the treatment of these processes in simulations of galaxy formation. Her thesis makes two major breakthroughs, and represents the first major steps forward in these areas in more than a decade. Her work has enabled, for the first time, predictions to be made which can be compared against new observations which probe the neutral gas content of galaxies, opening up a completely novel way to constrain the models. The treatment of feedback from supernovae, and how this removes material from the interstellar medium, is also likely to have a lasting impact on the field. Claudia Lagos Ph.D. thesis was nominated by the Institute for Computational Cosmology at Durham University as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis 2012.

The Road to Galaxy Formation :

Science

Author - William C Keel
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 262
ISBN - 3540725350


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Detail - The formation of galaxies is one of the greatest puzzles in astronomy, the solution is shrouded in the depths of space and time, but has profound implications for the universe we observe today. This book discusses the beginnings of the process from cosmological observations and calculations. It examines the different theories of galaxy formation and shows where each theory either succeeds or fails in explaining what we actually observe. In addition, the book looks ahead to what we may expect to uncover about the epoch of galaxy formation from the new and upcoming generations of telescopes and technology.