Genocide Prevention In The 21st Century

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Climate Change and Genocide : Environmental Violence in the 21st Century

Science

Author - Jürgen Zimmerer
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 144
ISBN - 1317502302


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Detail - Climate change caused by human activity is the most fundamental challenge facing mankind in the 21st century, since it will drastically alter the living conditions of millions of people, mainly in the Global South. Environmental violence, including resource crises such as peak fossil fuel, will lie at the heart of future conflicts. However, Genocide Studies have so far neglected this subject, due to the emphasis that traditional genocide scholarship places on ideology and legal prosecution, leading to a narrow understanding of the driving forces of genocide. This books aims at changing this, initiating a dialogue between scholars working in the areas of climate change and genocide. Research into genocide as well as climate change is a highly interdisciplinary endeavour, transcending the boundaries of established disciplines. Contributions to this book address this by approaching the subject from a wide array of methodological, theoretical, disciplinary and regional perspectives. As all the contributions show, climate change is a major threat multiplier for violence or non-violent destruction and any understanding of prevention needs to take this into account. They offer a basis for much needed Critical Prevention Studies, which aims at sustainable prevention. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of Human Rights.

Genocide at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century : Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Darfur

Political Science

Author - D. Tatum
Publisher - Springer
Pages - 292
ISBN - 0230109675


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Detail - At the end of World War II, the international community deemed genocide a crime against humanity. Yet, at the dawn of the twenty-first century it has occurred repeatedly. This book explains why genocide began to occur in the twenty-first century and why the United States has been ineffective at preventing it and stopping it once it occurs.

The Coming Age of Scarcity : Preventing Mass Death and Genocide in the Twenty-first Century

Business & Economics

Author - Michael N. Dobkowski, Isidor Wallimann
Publisher - Syracuse University Press
Pages - 350
ISBN - 9780815627449


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Detail - Showing how scarcity and surplus populations can lead to disaster, the contributors to this text discuss ethnic cleansing and the world's expanding killing fields. They anticipate mass death and genocide for the 21st century and provide responses to this impending catastrophe.

Responsibility to Protect : The Global Moral Compact for the 21st Century

Political Science

Author - R. Cooper, J. Voïnov Kohler, Juliette Voïnov Kohler
Publisher - Springer
Pages - 271
ISBN - 0230618405


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Detail - This edited volume holds the promise of ending the genocides and other atrocity crimes that have repeatedly stained humanity and aims to move this noble principle from rhetoric to action.

Preventing Genocide : Practical Steps Toward Early Detection and Effective Action

Political Science

Author - David A. Hamburg
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 352
ISBN - 1317253507


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Detail - Genocide has been called 'a problem from hell' and despite vehement declarations of 'never again' it's a problem that continues to plague the world. From the beginning of history to the most recent massacres in Bosnia, Rwanda, and Darfur, genocide defies resolution. And given today's worldwide access to highly lethal weapons and advanced communications technology facilitating incitement to hate, we can expect to see this problem grow. It is often claimed that genocide occurs without warning, taking both local and global communities by surprise. Yet, as David Hamburg convincingly shows, we have had long-term advance knowledge of most modern genocides dating back to the early 20th century Armenian tragedy in Turkey and before. In this book, Dr. Hamburg applies a groundbreaking new perspective-the medical model of prevention-to the scourge of genocide in the world. Preventing genocide is not only possible, Dr Hamburg contends, but essential given its high cost in lives, human rights, and international security. Here he maps out numerous practical steps to recognise genocidal conflicts early and stem their tides of violence before they become acute. He also outlines several institutions in place and programs underway at the UN, EU, and NATO devoted to preventing future genocides before they erupt. He draws lessons both from missed opportunities and successful experiences and makes many constructive suggestions about strengthening international institutions, governments, and NGOs for this purpose.

Century of Genocide : Critical Essays and Eyewitness Accounts

Social Science

Author - Samuel Totten, William S. Parsons, Israel W. Charny
Publisher - Psychology Press
Pages - 507
ISBN - 9780415944304


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Detail - The Rwandan government forces, as well as Cambodia's Khmer Rouge and German, Bosnian and U.S. governments, have all been guilty of the destruction of theirindigenous cultures. This book analyses the major atrocities of our times,including recent cases of genocide in Yugoslavia and Iraq.

Confronting Evil : Engaging Our Responsibility to Prevent Genocide

Genocide

Author - James Waller
Publisher - Oxford University Press
Pages - 416
ISBN - 0199300704


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Detail - While it is true that genocide prevention is not what tends to land on the front pages of national newspapers today, it is what prevents the worst headlines from ever being made. However, despite the post-Holocaust consensus that "never again" would the world allow civilians to be victims of genocide, the reality is that history is closer than ever to repeating itself. As many as 170 million civilians across the world have been victims of genocide and mass atrocity in the 20th century. Now that we have entered the 21st century, little light has arisen from the darkness as civilians still find themselves under brutal attack in the Sudan, Burma, Syria, the Central African Republic, Burundi, and a score of other countries in the world as they find themselves beset by state fragility and extremist identity politics. Drawing on over two decades of primary research and scholarship from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, Confronting Evil: Engaging Our Responsibility to Prevent Genocide is grounded in the belief that preventing mass atrocity is an achievable goal, but only if we have the collective will to do so. This groundbreaking book from one of the foremost leaders in the field presents a fascinating continuum of research-informed strategies to prevent genocide from ever taking place; to avert further atrocities once mass murder occurs; and to prevent further turmoil once a society learns how to rebuild itself. Dr. James Waller challenges each of us to accept our responsibilities as global citizens--in whichever role and place we find ourselves--and to think critically about one of the world's most pressing human rights issues in which there are no sidelines, only sides.

How to Prevent Genocide : A Guide for Policymakers, Scholars, and the Concerned Citizen

Philosophy

Author - John G. Heidenrich
Publisher - Greenwood Publishing Group
Pages - 275
ISBN - 9780275969875


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Detail - An analyst of genocide and instability warning issues with close ties to the US military, Heidenrich explores the idea of a United Nations legion for humanitarian intervention purposes and alternatives to such a force. He looks at what genocide is, international law, nonviolent pressure, covert acti

Never Again? : The United States and the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide Since the Holocaust

Philosophy

Author - Peter Ronayne
Publisher - Rowman & Littlefield
Pages - 223
ISBN - 9780742509221


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Detail - Never Again? explores the uneasy U.S. relationship to the U.N. Genocide Convention and posits an analysis of U.S. response to genocide past and forthcoming: nonintervention followed by post-genocide justice.

Genocide at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century : Rwanda, Bosnia, Kosovo, and Darfur

Political Science

Author - D. Tatum
Publisher - Springer
Pages - 292
ISBN - 0230109675


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Detail - At the end of World War II, the international community deemed genocide a crime against humanity. Yet, at the dawn of the twenty-first century it has occurred repeatedly. This book explains why genocide began to occur in the twenty-first century and why the United States has been ineffective at preventing it and stopping it once it occurs.

Last Lectures on the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide :

Genocide

Author - Samuel Totten
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 320
ISBN - 9781138221673


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Detail - Last Lectures: The Prevention/Intervention of Genocide is an innovative collection of hypothetical �last lectures� by some of the many top scholars and practitioners across the globe in the fields of human rights and genocide studies. Each lecture purportedly constitutes the last thing the author will ever say about the prevention and intervention of genocide. The contributions to this volume are thought-provoking, engaging, and at times controversial, reflecting the scholars� most advanced thinking about issues of human rights and genocide. This book will be of great interest to professors, researchers and students of political science, international relations, psychology, sociology, history , human rights and genocide studies.

Impediments to the Prevention and Intervention of Genocide :

Political Science

Author - Samuel Totten
Publisher - Transaction Publishers
Pages - 304
ISBN - 1412849438


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Detail - Academics, NGOs, the United Nations, and individual nations are focused on the prevention and intervention of genocide. Traditionally, missions to prevent or intervene in genocide have been sporadic and under-resourced. The contributors to this volume consider some of the major stumbling blocks to the avoidance of genocide. Bartrop and Totten argue that "realpolitik" is the" "major impediment to the elimination of genocide. Campbell examines the lack of political will to confront genocide, and Theriault describes how denial becomes an obstacle to intervention against genocide. Loyle and Davenport discuss how intervention is impeded by a lack of reliable data on genocide violence, and Macgregor presents an overview of the influence of the media. Totten examines how the UN Convention on Genocide actually impedes anti-genocide efforts; and how the institutional configuration of the UN is itself often a stumbling block. Addressing an issue that is often overlooked, Travis examines the impact of global arms trade on genocide. Finally, Hiebert examines how international criminal prosecution of atrocities can impede preventive efforts, and Hirsch provides an analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of major international and national prescriptions developed over the last decade. The result is a distinguished addition to Transaction's prestigious Genocide Studies series.