Human Rights Functions Of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

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Human Rights Functions of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations :

Law

Author - Mari Katayanagi
Publisher - Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Pages - 316
ISBN - 9789041119100


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Detail - The United Nations peacekeeping has evolved as a practical measure for preserving international peace and security. Recent peacekeeping has two important features: the use of force which arguably exceeds self-defence on the one hand, and multifunctional operations on the other. The Security Council has started considering a wide range of factors including serious human rights violations as threats to international peace and security. Recognising the UN's principle to seek peaceful settlement which underlies the legality of peacekeeping, this research focuses on the human rights functions of multifunctional peacekeeping operations. Such functions have immense potential for enhancing conflict resolution through peaceful means. In order to illustrate these issues and the diverse practice of UN peacekeeping, the author of this book has dealt with four detailed case studies on El Salvador, Cambodia, Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia. The achievements, problems and defects experienced by different operations are analysed using the insights of the author's own experience in a peacekeeping operation.

United Nations peacekeeping operations : an underfunded international mandate -- the role of the United States : hearing before the Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight of the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, second session, April 2, 2008

Political Science

Author - United States. Congress. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight
Publisher - Government Printing Office
Pages - 23
ISBN -


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UNTAC in Cambodia : The Impact on Human Rights

Cambodia

Author - Caroline Hughes
Publisher - Institute of Southeast Asian Studies
Pages - 90
ISBN - 9789813055230


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Detail - The UN-organized national elections were heralded as Cambodia's first step on the road to liberal democracy. Since the Royal Government produced by those elections took power, however, much of the triumphalism surrounding the United Nations' intervention in Cambodia, particularly in terms of UNTAC's human rights mandate, has proved to have been premature, as abuses continue and political opponents of the government are silenced. This study critiques UNTAC's mission in Cambodia from a human rights perspective. It evaluates UNTAC's response to the tensions between continuity and change inherent in the peacekeeping mandate and considers the impact of the choices made during the transition on the long-term future of human rights in Cambodia.

Peacekeeping : Meeting New Challenges ; Frequently Asked Questions

Author - United Nations
Publisher -
Pages - 24
ISBN -


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The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations :

Political Science

Author - Joachim Koops, Joachim Alexander Koops, Norrie MacQueen, Paul D. Williams, Thierry Tardy
Publisher - Oxford University Press, USA
Pages - 908
ISBN - 0199686041


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Detail - The Oxford Handbook of United Nations Peacekeeping Operations offers for the first time a comprehensive overview and assessment of all 67 United Nations peacekeeping operations conducted between 1948 and 2013. Written by leading scholars and senior practitioners the handbook presents a chapter-by-chapter chronological analysis of the historical background, major development and overall effectiveness of each UN peacekeeping operation. In addition, the handbook includes a collection of thematic chapters that examine key issues such as 'major trends of peace operations', 'the link between peacekeeping, humanitarian interventions and the responsibility to protect', 'peacekeeping and international law', 'the UN's inter-organizational partnerships' and 'how to evaluate success or failure'. This handbook brings together leading scholars and senior practitioners in order to provide a comprehensive assessment of the successes, failures and lessons learned of UN peacekeeping since 1948. This is a unique reference book for scholars and practitioners working in the field of international relations, international security, peacekeeping and global governance.

Peace Operations and Human Rights :

History

Author - Ray Murphy, Katarina Mansson
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 184
ISBN - 1317997891


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Detail - The protection and promotion of human rights is an integral part of contemporary international peacekeeping operations. It is also a controversial aspect of peace operations at both an institutional and operational level. By bringing together a wide range of practitioners and academic scholars, this special issue addresses key contemporary legal, political and operational challenges to human rights protection. This book was previously published as a special issue of the leading journal International Peacekeeping.

Mainstreaming Human Security in Peace Operations and Crisis Management : Policies, Problems, Potential

Law

Author - Wolfgang Benedek, Matthias C. Kettemann, Markus Möstl
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 288
ISBN - 1136941339


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Detail - The concept of human security is a new approach to security that focuses on the individual human being and provides policy alternatives to the traditional state-centred view, which considers the state to be the only and ultimate referent of security. Formally introduced into the United Nations system in 1994 the concept’s intellectual roots draw from international humanitarian law, human rights and human development, and since its introduction human security has been progressively integrated into the international security discourse. Mainstreaming Human Security: Policies, Problems, Potential paints a comprehensive picture of the relevance of the concept of human security in practice in a time of changing security paradigms and a challenging international environment. This volume looks at the practical implications of mainstreaming human security. It focuses on the potential, problems and policies of human security in peace operations and crisis management operations of the United Nations and of the European Union. Topics addressed by the contributors include mainstreaming human rights and human security in peace and crisis management in general and the role of human security in the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy, security sector reform, restorative responses to human rights violations by peacemakers, human security in Serbia and in African peace operations as well as proposals for human security training. The contributions to the book focus equally on mainstreaming human security in the UN and in the EU context. The global issues discussed and conclusions drawn are of relevance for the future of security addressed by peace and crisis management operations all over the world.

United Nations Peacekeeping Operations : Ad Hoc Missions, Permanent Engagement

Political Science

Author - Ramesh Chandra Thakur, Albrecht Schnabel
Publisher - United Nations University Press
Pages - 267
ISBN - 9789280810677


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Detail - This volume explores the evolution of United Nations efforts at peacekeeping, particularly since the early 1990s. Peacekeeping has always been one of the most visible symbols of the UN role in international peace and security. Disappointment with the performance of UN peacekeeping operations became symbolic of the UN's failure to emerge from the ashes of the Cold War as a rejuvenated key player in international and, increasingly, internal peace and security. United Nations Peacekeeping Operations reflects some of the thinking, some of the experiences in the UN and in the field, some of the frustrations, and some of the hopes of this past decade. It combines academic analysis, field experience, and reflection with forward-looking proposals for more effective peace operations designed and deployed by the UN in partnership with regional, sub-regional, and local actors. The first part of the book outlines the challenges of post-cold war peacekeeping. The second part sheds light on regional experiences of peacekeeping missions, with an emphasis on the post-Soviet region and Africa. In the third part practitioners with extensive field experience share their specific experiences in Cambodia, former Yugoslavia, and East Timor. Part four takes stock of the recent record of UN peacekeeping, and of the UN's own attempt to analyze, evaluate, and reform its performance in peace operations.

The United Nations Security Council in the Age of Human Rights :

Law

Author - Jared Genser
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 544
ISBN - 1107040078


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Detail - The first comprehensive look at the human rights dimensions of the work of the only UN body capable of compelling action by its member states.

Making War and Building Peace : United Nations Peace Operations

Political Science

Author - Michael W. Doyle, Nicholas Sambanis
Publisher - Princeton University Press
Pages - 424
ISBN - 9781400837694


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Detail - Making War and Building Peace examines how well United Nations peacekeeping missions work after civil war. Statistically analyzing all civil wars since 1945, the book compares peace processes that had UN involvement to those that didn't. Michael Doyle and Nicholas Sambanis argue that each mission must be designed to fit the conflict, with the right authority and adequate resources. UN missions can be effective by supporting new actors committed to the peace, building governing institutions, and monitoring and policing implementation of peace settlements. But the UN is not good at intervening in ongoing wars. If the conflict is controlled by spoilers or if the parties are not ready to make peace, the UN cannot play an effective enforcement role. It can, however, offer its technical expertise in multidimensional peacekeeping operations that follow enforcement missions undertaken by states or regional organizations such as NATO. Finding that UN missions are most effective in the first few years after the end of war, and that economic development is the best way to decrease the risk of new fighting in the long run, the authors also argue that the UN's role in launching development projects after civil war should be expanded.

The United Nations, Peace and Security : From Collective Security to the Responsibility to Protect

Political Science

Author - Ramesh Thakur
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 444
ISBN - 1107176948


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Detail - Explains the United Nations' key roles in underwriting international security, humanitarian protection and the international rule of law.

Protection of Personnel in Peace Operations : The Role of the 'Safety Convention' Against the Background of General International Law

Law

Author - Ola Engdahl
Publisher - Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Pages - 357
ISBN - 9004154663


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Detail - The 1994 Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel (Safety Convention) was the first multilateral convention to deal specifically with the protection of personnel engaged in peace operations. It should be viewed against the background of the increasingly volatile environments in which peace operation personnel were required to operate at the beginning of the 1990s. An Optional Protocol, extending the automatic application of the Safety Convention to new categories of operation, was adopted in December 2005. Protection, which a host government is responsible for securing for personnel in peace operations, may be categorised as general and special protection. The former includes, for example, human rights law and international humanitarian law. The latter comprises privileges and immunities accorded to agents of states or organisations. The contribution of the Safety Convention is mainly one of interstate penal law co-operation. States parties are obligated to co-operate in order to effectively prosecute the perpetrators of stipulated crimes. The protection afforded by the Safety Convention may therefore be categorised as being part of an emerging legal regime against impunity. An effective protection needs to address the specific challenges surrounding peace operations. Some of these challenges, identified in this study, are related to the interplay between the rules of peace and war as well as responsibility and accountability of protected personnel. It is also contended that there is a need for an effective implementation of existing rules, and a careful development of so-called status-of-forces agreements applicable in peace operations.