Increasing Legal Rights For Zoo Animals

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Increasing Legal Rights for Zoo Animals : Justice on the Ark

Political Science

Author - Jesse Donahue
Publisher - Lexington Books
Pages - 190
ISBN - 1498528953


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Detail - We are on the precipice of momentous legal changes for animals that may soon give some of them rights of personhood and citizenship. Companion animals in particular are gaining rights to public representation in government, access to housing, inheritance, and increased protection through the criminal justice system. Nonhuman primates used as research subjects are also gaining limited rights of personhood in some countries. This book examines how zoo animals could benefit from that revolution as well. Reviewing zoo law and politics in the United States, New Zealand, and Southeast Asia, scholars and zoo directors grapple with how the current law in those regions of the world impacts zoo animals and how it could be changed to serve them better. They discuss the ways in which zoo animals could benefit from some re-worked companion animal law in the United States; the challenges of reintroductions and their legal barriers; how we can extend ideas of human research subject rights to zoo animal research; the stark problems of too few animal welfare laws in South East Asia; the need for a central governing body focused solely on exotic captive animals in New Zealand; and the need for stricter laws preventing the exotic pet problem that is increasingly affecting both zoos and sanctuaries. The book starts a dialogue that moves the scholarship about zoos beyond a general discussion of ethics to a concrete dialogue and set of suggestions about how to extend legal rights to this group of animals.

Zoos and Animal Rights :

Philosophy

Author - Stephen St C. Bostock
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 240
ISBN - 1134942451


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Detail - First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare :

Law

Author - Marc Bekoff, Carron A. Meaney
Publisher - Greenwood Publishing Group
Pages - 446
ISBN - 9780313299773


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Detail - "Whether writing for a term paper, looking up organizations involving animal rights, or researching information as an animal lover, this is a resource chock full of information on animal rights and welfare. Coverage of issues, controversies, significant historical figures, and ideologies related to the treatment of animals are comprehensive. The essays cover a wide spectrum from the founding of the ASPCA and trapping, to religion and animals. The directory of organizations serves practical purposes, suchas where to obtain a three-dimensional model of the frog for educators and both high school and college students".--"Outstanding Reference Sources : the 1999 Selection of New Titles", American Libraries, May 1999. Comp. by the Reference Sources Committee, RUSA, ALA.

Zooland : The Institution of Captivity

Social Science

Author - Irus Braverman
Publisher - Stanford University Press
Pages - 280
ISBN - 0804784396


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Detail - This book takes a unique stance on a controversial topic: zoos. Zoos have their ardent supporters and their vocal detractors. And while we all have opinions on what zoos do, few people consider how they do it. Irus Braverman draws on more than seventy interviews conducted with zoo managers and administrators, as well as animal activists, to offer a glimpse into the otherwise unknown complexities of zooland. Zooland begins and ends with the story of Timmy, the oldest male gorilla in North America, to illustrate the dramatic transformations of zoos since the 1970s. Over these decades, modern zoos have transformed themselves from places created largely for entertainment to globally connected institutions that emphasize care through conservation and education. Zoos naturalize their spaces, classify their animals, and produce spectacular experiences for their human visitors. Zoos name, register, track, and allocate their animals in global databases. Zoos both abide by and create laws and industry standards that govern their captive animals. Finally, zoos intensely govern the reproduction of captive animals, carefully calculating the life and death of these animals, deciding which of them will be sustained and which will expire. Zooland takes readers behind the exhibits into the world of zoo animals and their caretakers. And in so doing, it turns its gaze back on us to make surprising interconnections between our understandings of the human and the nonhuman.

Zoo Ethics : The Challenges of Compassionate Conservation

Nature

Author - Jenny Gray
Publisher - CSIRO PUBLISHING
Pages - 256
ISBN - 1486306993


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Detail - Well-run modern zoos and aquariums do important research and conservation work and teach visitors about the challenges of animals in the wild and the people striving to save them. They help visitors to consider their impact and think about how they can make a difference. Yet for many there is a sense of disquiet and a lingering question remains – can modern zoos be ethically justified? Zoo Ethics examines the workings of modern zoos and considers the core ethical challenges that face those who choose to hold and display animals in zoos, aquariums or sanctuaries. Using recognised ethical frameworks and case studies of ‘wicked problems’, this book explores the value of animal life and the impacts of modern zoos, including the costs to animals in terms of welfare and the loss of liberty. It also considers the positive welfare and health outcomes of many animals held in zoos, the increased attention and protection for their species in the wild, and the enjoyment and education of the people who visit zoos. A thoughtfully researched work written in a highly readable style, Zoo Ethics will empower students of animal ethics and veterinary sciences, zoo and aquarium professionals and interested zoo visitors to have an informed view of the challenges of compassionate conservation and to develop their own defendable, ethical position.

Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine Current Therapy, Volume 7 - E-Book :

Medical

Author - R. Eric Miller, Murray E. Fowler
Publisher - Elsevier Health Sciences
Pages - 688
ISBN - 1437719856


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Detail - With coverage of current issues and emerging trends, Fowler's Zoo and Wild Animal Medicine, Volume 7 provides a comprehensive, all-new reference for the management of zoo and wildlife diseases. A Current Therapy format emphasizes the latest advances in the field, including nutrition, diagnosis, and treatment protocols. Cutting-edge coverage includes topics such as the "One Medicine" concept, laparoscopic surgery in elephants and rhinoceros, amphibian viral diseases, and advanced water quality evaluation for zoos. Editors R. Eric Miller and Murray E. Fowler promote a philosophy of animal conservation, bridging the gap between captive and free-ranging wild animal medicine with chapters contributed by more than 100 international experts. The Current Therapy format focuses on emerging trends, treatment protocols, and diagnostic updates new to the field, providing timely information on the latest advances in zoo and wild animal medicine. Content ranges from drug treatment, nutrition, husbandry, surgery, and imaging to behavioral training. Coverage of species ranges from giraffes, elephants, lions, and orangutans to sea turtles, hellbenders, bats, kakapos, and more. An extensive list of contributors includes recognized authors from around the world, offering expert information with chapters focusing on the latest research and clinical management of captive and free-ranging wild animals. A philosophy of animal conservation helps zoo and wildlife veterinarians fulfill not only the technical aspects of veterinary medicine, but contribute to the overall biological teams needed to rescue many threatened and endangered species from extinction. All content is new, with coverage including coverage of cutting-edge issues such as white-nose disease in bats, updates on Ebola virus in wild great apes, and chytrid fungus in amphibians. Full-color photographs depict external clinical signs for more accurate clinical recognition. Discussions of the "One Medicine" concept include chapters addressing the interface between wildlife, livestock, human, and ecosystem health. New sections cover Edentates, Marsupials, Carnivores, Perrissodactyla, and Camelids. Over 100 new tables provide a quick reference to a wide range of topics. An emphasis on conserving threatened and endangered species globally involves 102 expert authors representing 12 different countries.

Animal Care and Management at the National Zoo : Interim Report

Science

Author - Committee on a Review of the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council
Publisher - National Academies Press
Pages - 128
ISBN - 0309091780


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Detail - This interim report assesses issues related to animal management, husbandry, health, and care at the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park. The report finds that there are shortcomings in care and management that are threatening the well-being of the animal collection and identifies the "most pressing" issues that should be addressed.

An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management :

Science

Author - Paul A. Rees
Publisher - John Wiley & Sons
Pages - 432
ISBN - 9781444397833


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Detail - This book is intended as an introductory text for students studying a wide range of courses concerned with animal management, zoo biology and wildlife conservation, and should also be useful to zookeepers and other zoo professionals. It is divided into three parts. Part 1 considers the function of zoos, their history, how zoos are managed, ethics, zoo legislation and wildlife conservation law. Part 2 discusses the design of zoos and zoo exhibits, animal nutrition, reproduction, animal behaviour (including enrichment and training), animal welfare, veterinary care, animal handling and transportation. Finally, Part 3 discusses captive breeding programmes, genetics, population biology, record keeping, and the educational role of zoos, including a consideration of visitor behaviour. It concludes with a discussion of the role of zoos in the conservation of species in the wild and in species reintroductions. This book takes an international perspective and includes a wide range of examples of the operation of zoos and breeding programmes particularly in the UK, Europe, North America and Australasia. Visit www.wiley.com/go/rees/zoo to access the artwork from the book.

Ethics on the Ark : Zoos, Animal Welfare, and Wildlife Conservation

Science

Author - Bryan G. Norton, Michael Hutchins, Terry Maple, Elizabeth Stevens
Publisher - Smithsonian Institution
Pages - 360
ISBN - 1588343634


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Detail - Ethics on the Ark presents a passionate, multivocal discussion—among zoo professionals, activists, conservation biologists, and philosophers—about the future of zoos and aquariums, the treatment of animals in captivity, and the question of whether the individual, the species, or the ecosystem is the most important focus in conservation efforts. Contributors represent all sides of the issues. Moving from the fundamental to the practical, from biodiversity to population regulation, from animal research to captive breeding, Ethics on the Ark represents an important gathering of the many fervent and contentious viewpoints shaping the wildlife conservation debate. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Zoos and Animal Rights :

Philosophy

Author - Stephen St C. Bostock
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 240
ISBN - 1134942451


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Detail - First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Rights of Nature : A Legal Revolution That Could Save the World

Nature

Author - David R. Boyd
Publisher - ECW Press
Pages - 280
ISBN - 1770909664


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Detail - An important and timely recipe for hope for humans and all forms of life Palila v Hawaii. New ZealandÕs Te Urewera Act. Sierra Club v Disney. These legal phrases hardly sound like the makings of a revolution, but beyond the headlines portending environmental catastrophes, a movement of immense import has been building Ñ in courtrooms, legislatures, and communities across the globe. Cultures and laws are transforming to provide a powerful new approach to protecting the planet and the species with whom we share it. Lawyers from California to New York are fighting to gain legal rights for chimpanzees and killer whales, and lawmakers are ending the era of keeping these intelligent animals in captivity. In Hawaii and India, judges have recognized that endangered species Ñ from birds to lions Ñ have the legal right to exist. Around the world, more and more laws are being passed recognizing that ecosystems Ñ rivers, forests, mountains, and more Ñ have legally enforceable rights. And if nature has rights, then humans have responsibilities. In The Rights of Nature, noted environmental lawyer David Boyd tells this remarkable story, which is, at its heart, one of humans as a species finally growing up. Read this book and your world view will be altered forever.

Excellence Beyond Compliance : Enhancing Animal Welfare Through the Constructive Use of the Animal Welfare Act

Law

Author - James F. Gesualdi
Publisher -
Pages - 170
ISBN - 9781600250873


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Detail - What can we do TODAY to improve the well being of animals? People are passionate about animals, and this is reflected in the diverse opinions surrounding animal issues. Underlying all the spirited discussions is a common desire to make a positive difference in the lives of animals. EXCELLENCE BEYOND COMPLIANCE: Enhancing Animal Welfare Through the Constructive Use of the Animal Welfare Act helps zoological professionals and organizations make such a difference, and in doing so reframes the conversation about animal welfare. Excellence Beyond Compliance presents a voluntary, non-regulatory plan for attaining compliance with the federal Animal Welfare Act-and moving beyond it to embrace excellence in animal welfare. Zoological professionals and organizations engage daily with countless challenges and opportunities. Excellence Beyond Compliance empowers them to channel their passion and dedication into concrete actions to better serve the animals in their care. It is an essential guidebook that will improve-and even transform-those who put its principles into practice. Some of the key items addressed for zoological organizations include: - Creating an outstanding leadership team, including a dedicated Animal Welfare Officer - Preparing for inspections, with tips on creating inspection checklists, conducting entrance briefings and ensuring key staff availability during the inspection - Interacting with inspectors during and after inspections, including advice on how to respectfully address differences of opinion with an inspector - Utilizing self-certified compliance reporting to maintain compliance and document improvements between inspections and accreditation reviews - Designing Animal Welfare Enhancement Plans and Zoo, Aquarium and Park Improvement Plans - Addressing serious incidents and emergencies to ensure the safety of animals and people - Handling investigations, complaints, and other challenges in a manner that promotes exceptional animal welfare and organizational excellence - Developing an organizational culture where everyone shares responsibility for-and can make a difference in-the lives of animals. For twenty-five years, author and attorney James F. Gesualdi has dedicated himself to legal, regulatory and strategic engagement with animal welfare and wildlife conservation issues. Excellence Beyond Compliance distills the experience and wisdom he has gained along the way into an inspiring yet eminently practical guide to bring people together to enhance the lives and welfare of animals. Advance recognition for EXCELLENCE BEYOND COMPLIANCE: Enhancing Animal Welfare Through the Constructive Use of the Animal Welfare Act "Jim Gesualdi is a knowledgeable, tireless, and enthusiastic advocate for improving the welfare of animals in human care. His Excellence Beyond Compliance program is a unique resource, full of advice and useful tools gleaned from decades of experience, to help those of us dedicated to caring for animals do our very best each day. As he frequently says: 'It's all about the animals.' " Wendy Bulger, Esq. General Counsel San Diego Zoo Global "Gesualdi's primer is a 'must have' for anyone or any facility attempting to navigate the Animal Welfare Act. His team approach to welfare challenges every staff member to recognize that their performance, no matter what the task, should translate to improving the welfare of the animals in their care. My favorite quote: 'EXCELLENCE BEYOND COMPLIANCE is an ongoing process rather than a destination.' His challenge of continuous improvement takes us from just meeting requirements to developing a culture dedicated to welfare, health and safety for animals and their caregivers." Yvonne Nadler, DVM, MPH Consultant to the Zoological community on all hazards contingency planning