Inheriting Madness

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Inheriting Madness : Professionalization and Psychiatric Knowledge in Nineteenth-Century France

History

Author - Ian Dowbiggin
Publisher - Univ of California Press
Pages - 227
ISBN - 9780520909939


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Detail - Historically, one of the recurring arguments in psychiatry has been that heredity is the root cause of mental illness. In Inheriting Madness, Ian Dowbiggin traces the rise in popularity of hereditarianism in France during the second half of the nineteenth century to illuminate the nature and evolution of psychiatry during this period. In Dowbiggin's mind, this fondness for hereditarianism stemmed from the need to reconcile two counteracting factors. On the one hand, psychiatrists were attempting to expand their power and privileges by excluding other groups from the treatment of the mentally ill. On the other hand, medicine's failure to effectively diagnose, cure, and understand the causes of madness made it extremely difficult for psychiatrists to justify such an expansion. These two factors, Dowbiggin argues, shaped the way psychiatrists thought about insanity, encouraging them to adopt hereditarian ideas, such as the degeneracy theory, to explain why psychiatry had failed to meet expectations. Hereditarian theories, in turn, provided evidence of the need for psychiatrists to assume more authority, resources, and cultural influence. Inheriting Madness is a forceful reminder that psychiatric notions are deeply rooted in the social, political, and cultural history of the profession itself. At a time when genetic interpretations of mental disease are again in vogue, Dowbiggin demonstrates that these views are far from unprecedented, and that in fact they share remarkable similarities with earlier theories. A familiarity with the history of the psychiatric profession compels the author to ask whether or not public faith in it is warranted.

Family, Law, and Inheritance in America : A Social and Legal History of Nineteenth-Century Kentucky

History

Author - Yvonne Pitts
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 203
ISBN - 1107035503


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Detail - Yvonne Pitts explores nineteenth-century inheritance practices by focusing on testamentary capacity trials in Kentucky in which disinherited family members challenged relatives' wills, claiming the testator lacked the capacity required to write a valid will. By anchoring the study in the history of local communities and the texts of elite jurists, Pitts demonstrates that "capacity" was a term laden with legal meaning and competing communal values.

Madness: A Very Short Introduction :

Psychology

Author - Andrew Scull
Publisher - Oxford University Press
Pages - 134
ISBN - 0199608032


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Detail - "Andrew Scull examines the social, historical, and culturally variable response to madness over the centuries, providing a provocative and entertaining examination of mental illness over more than two millennia."--P. [2] of cover.

Negotiating Insanity in the Southeast of Ireland, 1820–1900 :

History

Author - Catherine Cox
Publisher - Oxford University Press
Pages - 276
ISBN - 0719075033


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Detail - Students and Lecturers in Irish and British medical and social history.

The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health :

History

Author - Greg Eghigian
Publisher - Taylor & Francis
Pages - 404
ISBN - 1351784390


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Detail - The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health explores the history and historiography of madness from the ancient and medieval worlds to the present day. Global in scope, it includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and South America as well as Europe and North America, drawing together the latest scholarship and source material in this growing field and allowing for fresh comparisons to be made across time and space. Thematically organised and written by leading academics, chapters discuss broad topics such as the representation of madness in literature and the visual arts, the material culture of madness, the perpetual difficulty of creating a classification system for madness and mental health, madness within life histories, the increased globalisation of knowledge and treatment practices, and the persistence of spiritual and supernatural conceptualisations of experiences associated with madness. This volume also examines the challenges involved in analysing primary sources in this area and how key themes such as class, gender, and race have influenced the treatment and diagnosis of madness throughout history. Chronologically and geographically wide-ranging, and providing a fascinating overview of the current state of the field, this is essential reading for all students of the history of madness, mental health, psychiatry, and medicine.

The Confinement of the Insane : International Perspectives, 1800–1965

Medical

Author - Roy Porter, David Wright
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages -
ISBN - 9781139439626


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Detail - The rise of the asylum constitutes one of the most profound, and controversial, events in the history of medicine. Academics around the world have begun to direct their attention to the origins of the confinement of those deemed 'insane', exploring patient records in an attempt to understand the rise of the asylum within the wider context of social and economic change of nations undergoing modernisation. Originally published in 2003, this edited volume brings together thirteen original research papers to answer key questions in the history of asylums. What forces led to the emergence of mental hospitals in different national contexts? To what extent did patient populations vary in terms of their psychiatric profile and socio-economic background? What was the role of families, communities and the medical profession in the confinement process? This volume therefore represents a landmark study in the history of psychiatry by examining asylum confinement in a global context.

Inventing the Criminal : A History of German Criminology, 1880-1945

History

Author - Richard F. Wetzell
Publisher - Univ of North Carolina Press
Pages - 376
ISBN - 0807861049


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Detail - Recent years have witnessed a resurgence of biological research into the causes of crime, but the origins of this kind of research date back to the late nineteenth century. Here, Richard Wetzell presents the first history of German criminology from Imperial Germany through the Weimar Republic to the end of the Third Reich, a period that provided a unique test case for the perils associated with biological explanations of crime. Drawing on a wealth of primary sources from criminological, legal, and psychiatric literature, Wetzell shows that German biomedical research on crime predominated over sociological research and thus contributed to the rise of the eugenics movement and the eventual targeting of criminals for eugenic measures by the Nazi regime. However, he also demonstrates that the development of German criminology was characterized by a constant tension between the criminologists' hereditarian biases and an increasing methodological sophistication that prevented many of them from endorsing the crude genetic determinism and racism that characterized so much of Hitler's regime. As a result, proposals for the sterilization of criminals remained highly controversial during the Nazi years, suggesting that Nazi biological politics left more room for contention than has often been assumed.

Understanding Jane Eyre : A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents

Literary Criticism

Author - Debra Teachman
Publisher - Greenwood Publishing Group
Pages - 212
ISBN - 9780313309397


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Detail - Analyzes the novel in the context of its times, and examines its major themes of education for women, the role of governesses, madness and Victorian women, and inheritance and marriage law and custom.

Contemporary Authors :

Biography & Autobiography

Author - Thomson Gale
Publisher - Gale Cengage
Pages - 454
ISBN - 9780787667023


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Detail - Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors® .

The Mayne Inheritance : A Gothic Tale of Murder, Madness and Scandal Across the Generations

Brisbane (Qld.)

Author - Rosamond Siemon
Publisher - Univ. of Queensland Press
Pages - 218
ISBN - 9780702234224


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Detail - Opening with a macabre mid-nineteenth century murder, The Mayne Inheritance unfolds like a gothic thriller. Was it the murder victim's money that founded patriarch Patrick Mayne's Queen Street business empire? And were the whispered accusations of murder and genetic madness true? For 150 years scandal and mystery have surrounded the Maynes, a wealthy family who donated the magnificent site on which the University of Queensland now stands.

Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Western Society for French History :

France

Author - Western Society for French History. Meeting
Publisher -
Pages -
ISBN -


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Detail -

A Lethal Inheritance : A Mother Uncovers the Science Behind Three Generations of Mental Illness.

Psychology

Author - Victoria Costello
Publisher - Prometheus Books
Pages - 267
ISBN - 161614467X


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Detail - Every family has secrets; only some secrets are lethal. In Victoria Costello’s family mental illness had been given many names over at least four generations until this inherited conspiracy of silence finally endangered the youngest members of the family, her children. In this riveting story—part memoir, detective story, and scientific investigation—the author recounts how the mental unraveling of her seventeen-year-old son Alex compelled her to look back into family history for clues to his condition. Eventually she tied Alex’s descent into hallucinations and months of shoeless wandering on the streets of Los Angeles to his great grandfather’s suicide on a New York City railroad track in 1913. But this insight brought no quick relief. Within two years of Alex’s diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia, both she and her youngest son succumbed to two different mental disorders: major depression and anxiety disorder. Costello depicts her struggle to get the best possible mental health care for her sons and herself, treatment that ultimately brings each of them to full recovery. In the process, she discovers new science that explains how clusters of mental illness traverse family generations. Artfully weaving the scientific into the personal, Costello takes a journey to the far reaches of neuroscience and reports back on the startling findings it is yielding about the complex interplay between genes and environment that drives mental illness, and what it now tells us about how parents can trump a lethal inheritance. She shares the results of long-term U.K. and European family studies identifying the earliest signs of mental illnesses that can be passed on from grandparents to parents and grandchildren. She tracks ongoing clinical trials to reverse the courses of these diseases through early intervention with the latest evidence-based treatments and offers brain-healthy choices individuals and families can make to prevent mental illness—freeing future generations to live healthier, happier lives. From the Trade Paperback edition.