Ontogeny Phylogeny And Historical Development

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Ontogeny, Phylogeny, and Historical Development :

Psychology

Author - Sidney Strauss
Publisher - Praeger Pub Text
Pages - 158
ISBN -


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Detail - The authors in this book treat a number of issues that pertain to relations between ontogeny, phylogeny, and historical development. Some show parallels among them, others show convergences, while still others show how they can inform each other. Chapters deal with the importance of this area for developmental theories, the distinction between changes in expert knowledge (as it pertains to historical development) and novice knowledge (ontogenesis), what constitutes a theory in science and in children's thought organizations, and the importance of historical models for characterizing children's conceptual structures.

Ontogeny and Phylogeny :

Science

Author - Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher - Harvard University Press
Pages - 501
ISBN - 9780674639416


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Detail - Prospectus; The analogistic tradition from anaximander to bonnet; Transcendental origins, 1793-1860; Evolutionary triumph, 1859-1900; Pervasive influence; Decline, fall, and generalization; Heterochrony and paedomorphosis; Heterochrony and the parallel of ontogeny and phylogeny; The ecological and evolutionary significance of heterochrony; Progenesis and neoteny; Retardation and neoteny in human evolution.

Ontogeny and phylogeny :

Science

Author - Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher - Belknap Press
Pages - 501
ISBN -


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Detail - "Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny" was Haeckel's answer--the wrong one--to the most vexing question of nineteenth-century biology: what is the relationship between individual development (ontogeny) and the evolution of species and lineages (phylogeny)? In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation from its first appearance among the pre-Socratics to its fall in the early twentieth century. Mr. Gould explores recapitulation as an idea that intrigued politicians and theologians as well as scientists. He shows that Haeckel's hypothesis--that human fetuses with gill slits are, literally, tiny fish, exact replicas of their water-breathing ancestors--had an influence that extended beyond biology into education, criminology, psychoanalysis (Freud and Jung were devout recapitulationists), and racism. The theory of recapitulation, Gould argues, finally collapsed not from the weight of contrary data, but because the rise of Mendelian genetics rendered it untenable. Turning to modern concepts, Gould demonstrates that, even though the whole subject of parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny fell into disrepute, it is still one of the great themes of evolutionary biology. Heterochrony--changes in developmental timing, producing parallels between ontogeny and phylogeny--is shown to be crucial to an understanding of gene regulation, the key to any rapprochement between molecular and evolutionary biology. Gould argues that the primary evolutionary value of heterochrony may lie in immediate ecological advantages for slow or rapid maturation, rather than in long-term changes of form, as all previous theories proclaimed. Neoteny--the opposite of recapitulation--is shown to be the most important determinant of human evolution. We have evolved by retaining the juvenile characters of our ancestors and have achieved both behavioral flexibility and our characteristic morphology thereby (large brains by prolonged retention of rapid fetal growth rates, for example). Gould concludes that there may be nothing new under the sun, but permutation of the old within complex systems can do wonders. As biologists, we deal directly with the kind of material complexity that confers an unbounded potential upon simple, continuous changes in underlying processes. This is the chief joy of our science."

The Structure of Evolutionary Theory :

Science

Author - Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher - Harvard University Press
Pages - 1464
ISBN - 0674417925


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Detail - The world’s most revered and eloquent interpreter of evolutionary ideas offers here a work of explanatory force unprecedented in our time—a landmark publication, both for its historical sweep and for its scientific vision. With characteristic attention to detail, Stephen Jay Gould first describes the content and discusses the history and origins of the three core commitments of classical Darwinism: that natural selection works on organisms, not genes or species; that it is almost exclusively the mechanism of adaptive evolutionary change; and that these changes are incremental, not drastic. Next, he examines the three critiques that currently challenge this classic Darwinian edifice: that selection operates on multiple levels, from the gene to the group; that evolution proceeds by a variety of mechanisms, not just natural selection; and that causes operating at broader scales, including catastrophes, have figured prominently in the course of evolution. Then, in a stunning tour de force that will likely stimulate discussion and debate for decades, Gould proposes his own system for integrating these classical commitments and contemporary critiques into a new structure of evolutionary thought. In 2001 the Library of Congress named Stephen Jay Gould one of America’s eighty-three Living Legends—people who embody the “quintessentially American ideal of individual creativity, conviction, dedication, and exuberance.” Each of these qualities finds full expression in this peerless work, the likes of which the scientific world has not seen—and may not see again—for well over a century.

From Embryology to Evo-devo : A History of Developmental Evolution

Science

Author - Manfred Dietrich Laubichler, Jane Maienschein, Regents' Professor President's Professor and Parents Association Professor at the School of Life Sciences and Director Center for Biology and Society Jane Maienschein
Publisher - Mit Press
Pages - 569
ISBN -


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Detail - Historians, philosophers, sociologists, and biologists explore the history of the idea that embryological development and evolution are linked.

The Tragic Sense of Life : Ernst Haeckel and the Struggle over Evolutionary Thought

Science

Author - Robert J. Richards
Publisher - University of Chicago Press
Pages - 512
ISBN - 9780226712192


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Detail - Prior to the First World War, more people learned of evolutionary theory from the voluminous writings of Charles Darwin’s foremost champion in Germany, Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919), than from any other source, including the writings of Darwin himself. But, with detractors ranging from paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould to modern-day creationists and advocates of intelligent design, Haeckel is better known as a divisive figure than as a pioneering biologist. Robert J. Richards’s intellectual biography rehabilitates Haeckel, providing the most accurate measure of his science and art yet written, as well as a moving account of Haeckel’s eventful life.

Ever Since Darwin: Reflections in Natural History :

Science

Author - Stephen Jay Gould
Publisher - W. W. Norton & Company
Pages - 288
ISBN - 0393340414


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Detail - More than any other modern scientists, Stephen Jay Gould has opened up to millions the wonders of evolutionary biology. His genius as an essayist lies in his unmatched ability to use his knowledge of the world, including popular culture, to illuminate the realm of science. Ever Since Darwin, Stephen Jay Gould's first book, has sold more than a quarter of a million copies. Like all succeeding collections by this unique writer, it brings the art of the scientific essay to unparalleled heights.

Haeckel's Embryos : Images, Evolution, and Fraud

Art

Author - Nick Hopwood
Publisher - University of Chicago Press
Pages - 388
ISBN - 022604694X


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Detail - Emphasizing the changes worked by circulation and copying, interpretation and debate, this book uses the case to explore how pictures succeed and fail, gain acceptance and spark controversy. It reveals how embryonic development was made a process that we can see, compare, and discuss, and how copying - usually dismissed as unoriginal

Development, Growth, and Evolution : Implications for the Study of the Hominid Skeleton

Nature

Author - Paul O'Higgins, Martin J. Cohn
Publisher - Elsevier
Pages - 271
ISBN - 9780125249652


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Detail - This book presents a synthesis of the modern approaches to the study of ontogeny and the interpretation of the fossil evidence for human origins. Recent years have seen significant developments in the understanding of the regulation of embryonic pattern formation and skeletal adaptation, and in techniques for the visualizations and analysis of ontogenetic transformations, offering the prospect of understanding the mechanisms underpinning phylogenetic transformation in the skeleton. Advances in developmental biology, molecular genetics, biomechanics, microscopy, imaging and morphometrics are brought to bear on the subject. Key Features * Reviews important hot subject areas * Juxtaposes contributions by developmental biologists and those by evolutionary morphologists * Makes some bold insights; synthesizes development and evolution

Piaget, Evolution, and Development :

Psychology

Author - Jonas Langer, Melanie Killen
Publisher - Psychology Press
Pages - 326
ISBN - 1135690987


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Detail - Based on the 25th Anniversary Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society, this book represents cutting-edge work on the mechanisms of cognitive, social, and cultural development. The authors-anthropologists, biologists, historians of science, paleontologists, and psychologists-believe that a rebirth is in progress relating to the study of these mental developments. This volume seeks to illuminate this rebirth. The varied findings and approaches reported reveal that contemporary comparative research on mental development is in a phase of differentiation and integration. Far from being global and fused, this comparative study is a flowering field of diverse disciplinary approaches, empirical phenomena, scholarly topics, and theoretical perspectives. It focuses on the comparative phylogeny, ontogeny, and history of mentation-most notably on the comparative onset and offset ages, velocity, extent, sequencing, organization of thought, symbol, and value development. The world's leading authorities on the subject discuss the implications of the study of evolution for our models of the ontogenetic origins, development, and history of mentation, as well as determine the constraints that evolution imposes on mental development. Bringing the current interest in primate cognition to bear on studies of cognitive development in humans, this book will be of interest cognitive developmentalists, primatologists and comparitive psychologists.

The Origins and History of Consciousness :

Psychology

Author - Erich Neumann, C. G. Jung
Publisher - Princeton University Press
Pages - 552
ISBN - 0691163596


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Detail - The Origins and History of Consciousness draws on a full range of world mythology to show how individual consciousness undergoes the same archetypal stages of development as human consciousness as a whole. Erich Neumann was one of C. G. Jung's most creative students and a renowned practitioner of analytical psychology in his own right. In this influential book, Neumann shows how the stages begin and end with the symbol of the Uroboros, the tail-eating serpent. The intermediate stages are projected in the universal myths of the World Creation, Great Mother, Separation of the World Parents, Birth of the Hero, Slaying of the Dragon, Rescue of the Captive, and Transformation and Deification of the Hero. Throughout the sequence, the Hero is the evolving ego consciousness. Featuring a foreword by Jung, this Princeton Classics edition introduces a new generation of readers to this eloquent and enduring work.

Explore Evolution : The Arguments for and Against Neo-Darwinism

Author - Stephen C. Meyer, Paul Nelson, Jonathan Moneymaker, Scott Minnich, Ralph Seelke
Publisher -
Pages -
ISBN - 9781936599110


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