Post Communist Mafia State The Case Of Hungary

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Post-Communist Mafia State : The Case of Hungary

Political Science

Author - B lint Magyar
Publisher - Central European University Press
Pages - 336
ISBN - 6155513546


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Detail - Having won a two-third majority in Parliament at the 2010 elections, the Hungarian political party Fidesz removed many of the institutional obstacles of exerting power. Just like the party, the state itself was placed under the control of a single individual, who since then has applied the techniques used within his party to enforce submission and obedience onto society as a whole. In a new approach the author characterizes the system as the ?organized over-world?, the ?state employing mafia methods? and the ?adopted political family', applying these categories not as metaphors but elements of a coherent conceptual framework. The actions of the post-communist mafia state model are closely aligned with the interests of power and wealth concentrated in the hands of a small group of insiders. While the traditional mafia channeled wealth and economic players into its spheres of influence by means of direct coercion, the mafia state does the same by means of parliamentary legislation, legal prosecution, tax authority, police forces and secret service. The innovative conceptual framework of the book is important and timely not only for Hungary, but also for other post-communist countries subjected to autocratic rules. ÿ

Stubborn Structures : Reconceptualizing Postcommunist Regimes

Author - Balint Magyar
Publisher - no defined
Pages - 233
ISBN - 9789633862148


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Detail -

Mafia State : How One Reporter Became an Enemy of the Brutal New Russia

Biography & Autobiography

Author - Luke Harding
Publisher - Guardian Books
Pages - 320
ISBN - 085265250X


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Detail - In 2007 Luke Harding arrived in Moscow to take up a new job as a correspondent for the British newspaper the Guardian. Within months, mysterious agents from Russia's Federal Security Service - the successor to the KGB - had broken into his flat. He found himself tailed by men in cheap leather jackets, bugged, and even summoned to Lefortovo, the KGB's notorious prison. The break-in was the beginning of an extraordinary psychological war against the journalist and his family. Vladimir Putin's spies used tactics developed by the KGB and perfected in the 1970s by the Stasi, East Germany's sinister secret police. This clandestine campaign burst into the open in 2011 when the Kremlin expelled Harding from Moscow - the first western reporter to be deported from Russia since the days of the Cold War. Mafia State: How one reporter became an enemy of the brutal new Russia is a brilliant and haunting account of the insidious methods used by a resurgent Kremlin against its so-called "enemies" - human rights workers, western diplomats, journalists and opposition activists. It includes unpublished material from confidential US diplomatic cables, released last year by WikiLeaks, which describe Russia as a "virtual mafia state". Harding gives a unique, personal and compelling portrait of today's Russia, two decades after the end of communism, that reads like a spy thriller.

Orbán : Europe's New Strongman

Hungary

Author - Paul Lendvai
Publisher - no defined
Pages - 273
ISBN - 9781849048699


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Detail - A no-holds-barred biography of Viktor Orb�n, the most successful--and arguably most dangerous--politician in Hungarian history.Through a masterly and cynical manipulation of ethnic nationalism, and deep-rooted corruption, Prime Minister Orb�n has exploited successive electoral victories to build a closely knit and super-rich oligarchy. More than any other EU leader, he wields undisputed power over his people.Orb�n's ambitions are far-reaching. Hailed by governments and far-right politicians as the champion of a new anti-Brussels nationalism, his ruthless crackdown on refugees, his open break with normative values and his undisguised admiration for Presidents Putin and Trump pose a formidable challenge to the survival of liberal democracy in a divided Europe. Mining exclusive documents and interviews, celebrated journalist Paul Lendvai sketches the extraordinary rise of Orb�n, an erstwhile anti-communist rebel turned populist autocrat. His compelling portrait reveals a man with unfettered power.

Radical Right : Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market

Political Science

Author - Pippa Norris
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 349
ISBN - 9780521849142


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Detail - This book, first published in 2005, explains why radical right parties have advanced in a diverse array of democracies.

Rebellious Parents : Parental Movements in Central-Eastern Europe and Russia

Political Science

Author - Katalin Fabian
Publisher - Indiana University Press
Pages - 376
ISBN - 0253026733


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Detail - Parental activism movements are strengthening around the world and often spark tense personal and political debate. With an emphasis on Russia and Central and Eastern Europe, this collection analyzes formal organizations as well as informal networks and online platforms which mobilize parents to advocate for change on a grassroots level. In doing so, the work collected here explores the interactions between the politics, everyday life, and social activism of mothers and fathers. From fathers’ rights movements to natural childbirth to vaccination debates, these essays provide new insight into the identities and strategies applied by these movements as they confront local ideals of gender and family with global ideologies.

Authoritarianism Goes Global : The Challenge to Democracy

Political Science

Author - Larry Diamond
Publisher - JHU Press
Pages - 256
ISBN - 1421419971


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Detail - Over the past decade, illiberal powers have become emboldened and gained influence within the global arena. Leading authoritarian countries—including China, Iran, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela—have developed new tools and strategies to contain the spread of democracy and challenge the liberal international political order. Meanwhile, the advanced democracies have retreated, failing to respond to the threat posed by the authoritarians. As undemocratic regimes become more assertive, they are working together to repress civil society while tightening their grip on cyberspace and expanding their reach in international media. These political changes have fostered the emergence of new counternorms—such as the authoritarian subversion of credible election monitoring—that threaten to further erode the global standing of liberal democracy. In Authoritarianism Goes Global, a distinguished group of contributors present fresh insights on the complicated issues surrounding the authoritarian resurgence and the implications of these systemic shifts for the international order. This collection of essays is critical for advancing our understanding of the emerging challenges to democratic development. Contributors: Anne Applebaum, Anne-Marie Brady, Alexander Cooley, Javier Corrales, Ron Deibert, Larry Diamond, Patrick Merloe, Abbas Milani, Andrew Nathan, Marc F. Plattner, Peter Pomerantsev, Douglas Rutzen, Lilia Shevtsova, Alex Vatanka, Christopher Walker, and Frederic Wehrey

Another Hungary : The Nineteenth-Century Provinces in Eight Lives

History

Author - Robert Nemes
Publisher - Stanford University Press
Pages - 312
ISBN - 0804799121


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Detail - Another Hungary tells the stories of eight remarkable individuals: an aristocrat, merchant, engineer, teacher, journalist, rabbi, tobacconist, and writer. All eight came from the same woebegone corner of prewar Hungary. Their biographies illuminate how the region's residents made sense of economic underdevelopment, ethnic diversity, and relations between Christians and Jews. Taken together, their stories create a unique picture of the troubled history of Eastern Europe, viewed not from the capital cities, but from the small towns and villages. Through these eight lives, Another Hungary investigates the wider processes that remade Eastern Europe in the nineteenth century. It asks: How did people make sense of the dramatic changes, from the advent of the railroad to the outbreak of the First World War? How did they respond to the army of political ideologies that marched through this region: liberalism, socialism, nationalism, antisemitism, and Zionism? To what extent did people in the provinces not just react to, but influence what was happening in the centers of political power? This collective biography confirms that nineteenth-century Hungary was no earthly paradise. But it also shows that the provinces produced men and women with bold ideas on how to change their world.

Elites : A General Model

Social Science

Author - Murray Milner, Jr.
Publisher - John Wiley & Sons
Pages - 216
ISBN - 0745689507


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Detail - At a time when significant social status, economic resources,and political opportunities seem to become ever more unequallydistributed and only available to a few, this book represents thefirst systematic effort in recent years to develop a sociologicalmodel of elites and non-elites. In outlining a new typology ofeconomic, political, and cultural elites, as well as drawingattention to the important role of non-elites, this accessiblywritten book provides novel insights into the structure ofhistorical and contemporary societies. Milner identifies the sources and structures of economic,political, and cultural power, and investigates patterns ofcooperation and conflict between and within elite groups. Analyzingpoliticians and propagandists, landowners and capitalists, nationalheroes and celebrities, ordinary folks and outcasts, the bookapplies its model to three distinctly different societies –ancient India, Classical Athens, and the contemporary United States– highlighting important structural commonalities acrossthese otherwise very dissimilar societies. A significant contribution to scholarship, Elites will alsobe useful for an array of courses in sociology, political science,and history.

Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation : Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe

Political Science

Author - Juan J. Linz
Publisher - JHU Press
Pages - 479
ISBN - 9780801851582


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Detail - 5. Actors and contexts

The Weakness of Civil Society in Post-Communist Europe :

Political Science

Author - Marc Morje Howard
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 206
ISBN - 9780521011525


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Detail - Seeks to explain the weakness of civil society in the countries of post-Communist Europe.

On Extremism and Democracy in Europe :

Political Science

Author - Cas Mudde
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 164
ISBN - 1317222229


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Detail - On Extremism and Democracy in Europe is a collection of short and accessible essays on the far right, populism, Euroscepticism, and liberal democracy by one of the leading academic and public voices today. It includes both sober, fact-based analysis of the often sensationalized "rise of the far right" in Europe as well as passionate defence of the fundamental values of liberal democracy. Sometimes counter-intuitive and always thought-provoking, Mudde argues that the true challenge to liberal democracy comes from the political elites at the centre of the political systems rather than from the political challengers at the political margins. Pushing to go beyond the simplistic opposition of extremism and democracy, which is much clearer in theory than in practice, he accentuates the internal dangers of liberal democracy without ignoring the external threats. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in European politics, extremism and/or current affairs more generally.