Poverty And The Way Forwardpdf

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Moving Out of Poverty : Success from the Bottom Up

Social Science

Author - Deepa Narayan, Lant Pritchett, Soumya Kapoor
Publisher - World Bank Publications
Pages - 456
ISBN - 9780821372166


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Detail - 'No matter if I fall, I get up again. If I fall 5,000 times, I will stand up another 5,000 times.' -- William, a 37-year-old from El Gorri n, Colombia Why and how do some people move out of poverty and stay out while others remain trapped? Most books on growth and poverty reduction are dominated by the perspectives of policy makers and academic experts. In contrast, 'Moving Out of Poverty: Success from the Bottom Up' presents the experiences of poor people who have made it out of poverty. The book's findings draw from the Moving Out of Poverty research conducted in communities in 15 countries in Africa, East Asia, Latin America, and South Asia. The authors synthesize the results of qualitative and quantitative research based on discussions with over 60,000 people in rural areas. They offer bottom-up perspectives on the processes and local institutions that play key roles in escapes from poverty. The study finds that there are no differences in the initiatives taken by the poor, the rich, and the upwardly mobile. What, then, explains the difference in outcomes? The authors demonstrate how in the face of deep social inequalities that block access to economic opportunities and local democracies individual initiative and empowerment by themselves are often not enough to escape poverty. This book will be of interest to all concerned with equity in an increasingly unequal world.

Moving Out of Poverty : Cross-disciplinary Perspectives on Mobility

Business & Economics

Author - Deepa Narayan, Patti Petesch
Publisher - World Bank Publications
Pages - 392
ISBN - 9780821369920


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Detail - This book brings together the latest thinking about poverty dynamics from diverse analytic traditions. While covering a vast body of conceptual and empirical knowledge about economic and social mobility, it takes the reader on compelling journeys of multigenerational accounts of three villages in Kanartaka, India, twelve years in the life of a street child in Burkina Faso, and much more. Leading development practitioners and scholars from the fields of anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology critically examine the literature from their disciplines and contribute new frameworks and evidence from their own works. The 'Moving Out of Poverty' series launched in 2007 is under the editorial direction of Deepa Narayan, Senior Advisor of the World Bank and former director of the pathbreaking 'Voices of the Poor' series. It features the results of new comparative research across more than 500 communities in 15 countries to understand how and why people move out of poverty, and presents other work which builds on interdisciplinary and contextually grounded understandings of growth and poverty reduction.

Measuring Poverty in Nigeria :

Political Science

Author - Sofo C. A. Ali-Akpajiak, Toni Pyke
Publisher - Oxfam
Pages - 71
ISBN - 085598502X


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Detail - This report collates findings which surveys aspects of poverty in Nigeria from social, political, economic, environmental, and technological perspectives. Measuring Poverty in Nigeria should prove useful to development organizations and other representatives of civil society engaged in promoting good governance in Nigeria,

The End of Poverty : How We Can Make it Happen in Our Lifetime

Political Science

Author - Jeffrey Sachs
Publisher - Penguin UK
Pages - 416
ISBN - 0241958660


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Detail - Jeffrey Sachs draws on his remarkable 25 years' experience to offer a thrilling and inspiring vision of the keys to economic success in the world today. Marrying vivid storytelling with acute analysis, he sets the stage by drawing a conceptual map of the world economy and explains why, over the past 200 years, wealth and poverty have diverged and evolved across the planet, and why the poorest nations have been so markedly unable to escape the trap of poverty. Sachs tells the remarkable stories of his own work in Bolivia, Poland, Russia, India, China and Africa to bring readers with him to an understanding of the different problems countries face. In the end, readers will be left not with an understanding of how daunting the world's problems are, but how solvable they are - and why making the effort is both our moral duty and in our own interests.

Just Give Money to the Poor : The Development Revolution from the Global South

Political Science

Author - David Hulme, Joseph Hanlon, Armando Barrientos
Publisher - Kumarian Press
Pages - 288
ISBN - 1565493907


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Detail - * Argues strongly for overlooked approach to development by showing how the poor use money in ways that confound stereotypical notions of aid and handouts * Team authored by foremost scholars in the development field Amid all the complicated economic theories about the causes and solutions to poverty, one idea is so basic it seems radical: just give money to the poor. Despite its skeptics, researchers have found again and again that cash transfers given to significant portions of the population transform the lives of recipients. Countries from Mexico to South Africa to Indonesia are giving money directly to the poor and discovering that they use it wisely – to send their children to school, to start a business and to feed their families. Directly challenging an aid industry that thrives on complexity and mystification, with highly paid consultants designing ever more complicated projects, Just Give Money to the Poor offers the elegant southern alternative – bypass governments and NGOs and let the poor decide how to use their money. Stressing that cash transfers are not charity or a safety net, the authors draw an outline of effective practices that work precisely because they are regular, guaranteed and fair. This book, the first to report on this quiet revolution in an accessible way, is essential reading for policymakers, students of international development and anyone yearning for an alternative to traditional poverty-alleviation methods.

Why Nations Fail : The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty

Business & Economics

Author - Daron Acemoglu, James A. Robinson
Publisher - Broadway Business
Pages - 529
ISBN - 0307719227


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Detail - An award-winning professor of economics at MIT and a Harvard University political scientist and economist evaluate the reasons that some nations are poor while others succeed, outlining provocative perspectives that support theories about the importance of institutions. Reprint.

Poverty and Famines : An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Business & Economics

Author - Amartya Sen
Publisher - Oxford University Press
Pages - 257
ISBN - 9780198284635


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Detail - The main focus of this book is on the causation of starvation in general and famines in particular. The traditional analysis of famines concentrates on food supply. This is shown to be defective and Sen develops an alternative method of analysis which concentrates on ownership and exchange.

Rethinking Poverty : What Makes a Good Society?

Social Science

Author - Barry Knight
Publisher - Policy Press
Pages - 152
ISBN - 1447340604


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Detail - This book calls for a bold forward-looking social policy that addresses continuing austerity, under-resourced organisations and a lack of social solidarity. Based on a research programme by the Webb Memorial Trust, a key theme is power which shows that the way forward is to increase people’s sense of agency in building the society that they want.

Protecting the Health of the Poor : Social Movements in the South

Business & Economics

Author - Abraar Karan, Geeta Sodhi
Publisher - Zed Books Ltd.
Pages - 312
ISBN - 1783605553


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Detail - Nowhere is the injustice of the global distribution of income and wealth more palpable than in health. While the world’s affluent spend fortunes on the most trifling treatments, poor people’s lives are ruined and often cut short prematurely by challenges that could easily be overcome at low cost: childbirth, diarrhoea, malnutrition, malaria, HIV/AIDS, measles, pneumonia. Millions are avoidably dying from such causes each year and billions of lives avoidably blighted by these diseases of poverty. Drawing on in-depth empirical research spanning Asia, Latin America, and Africa, this path-breaking collection offers fresh perspectives from critically engaged scholars. Protecting the Health of the Poor presents a call and a vision for unified efforts across geographies, levels and sectors to make the right to health truly universal.

Poor Economics : A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty

Business & Economics

Author - Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo
Publisher - PublicAffairs
Pages - 320
ISBN - 1610391608


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Detail - Why do the poor borrow to save? Why do they miss out on free life-saving immunizations, but pay for unnecessary drugs? In Poor Economics, Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo, two practical visionaries working toward ending world poverty, answer these questions from the ground. In a book the Wall Street Journal called “marvelous, rewarding,” the authors tell how the stress of living on less than 99 cents per day encourages the poor to make questionable decisions that feed—not fight—poverty. The result is a radical rethinking of the economics of poverty that offers a ringside view of the lives of the world's poorest, and shows that creating a world without poverty begins with understanding the daily decisions facing the poor.

Tourism, Poverty and Development :

Travel

Author - Andrew Holden
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 216
ISBN - 1135175640


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Detail - Poverty alleviation is high on the global policy agenda, its importance being emphasised by its place as the first of the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals. As a potentially significant source of economic growth in developing countries, tourism may also play a major role in poverty reduction and alleviation under the right circumstances. The incorporation of tourism into development policy and Poverty Reduction Strategies has special poignancy for those Least Developed Countries where natural resources exist to support a tourism industry and there are limited development alternatives. This book offers a holistic, explicit and detailed introduction to the relationship of poverty and tourism within the context of developing countries. The book is divided into distinct sections, progressing from an evaluation of the key concepts of poverty, tourism and development; to the causal factors of poverty; to the mechanisms of how tourism is being implemented in policy and practice to reduce poverty and finally to an analysis of the relationship between tourism to poverty alleviation in the future. The adopted analytical approach of the key themes is multi-disciplinary, incorporating tourism studies, human geography, political economy, economics, development and environmental studies. It integrates examples and original case studies from varying geographical developing regions including Africa, South Asian and East Asia and the Pacific, to lend practical insights into tourism’s role in poverty alleviation. The text will be of particular interest to higher education students from tourism studies, geography, political economy, environmental and development studies, and sociology backgrounds. It will also be of relevance to government and policy makers, alongside those who have a more general interest in poverty alleviation.

More Than a Pretty Picture : Using Poverty Maps to Design Better Policies and Interventions

Social Science

Author - Tara Bedi, Aline Coudouel, Kenneth Simler
Publisher - World Bank Publications
Pages - 286
ISBN - 0821369326


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Detail - The allocation of resources and the design of policies tailored to local-level conditions require highly disaggregated information. Data on poverty at the local level is typically not available because most household surveys are not representative past the regional level. This volume aims to promote the effective use of Small Area Estimation poverty maps in policy making. It presents the range of policies and interventions which have been informed by poverty maps, focusing on the political economy of poverty maps and the key elements to their effective use by policy makers. The volume also looks at the future of poverty maps in terms of new techniques and new areas of application.