Radical Democracy And Political Theology

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Radical Democracy and Political Theology :

Philosophy

Author - Jeffrey W. Robbins
Publisher - Columbia University Press
Pages - 213
ISBN - 0231156375


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Detail - Alexis de Tocqueville once wrote that "the people reign over the American political world like God over the universe," unwittingly casting democracy as the political instantiation of the death of God. According to Jeffrey W. Robbins, Tocqueville's assessment remains an apt observation of modern democratic power, which does not rest with a sovereign authority but operates as a diffuse social force. By linking radical democratic theory to a contemporary fascination with political theology, Robbins envisions the modern experience of democracy as a social, cultural, and political force transforming the nature of sovereign power and political authority. Robbins joins his work with Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri's radical conception of "network power," as well as Sheldon Wolin's notion of "fugitive democracy," to fashion a political theology that captures modern democracy's social and cultural torment. This approach has profound implications not only for the nature of contemporary religious belief and practice but also for the reconceptualization of the proper relationship between religion and politics. Challenging the modern, liberal, and secular assumption of a neutral public space, Robbins conceives of a postsecular politics for contemporary society that inextricably links religion to the political. While effectively recasting the tradition of radical theology as a political theology, this book also develops a comprehensive critique of the political theology bequeathed by Carl Schmitt. It marks an original and visionary achievement by the scholar the Journal of the American Academy of Religion hailed "one of the best commentators on religion and postmodernism."

Radical Political Theology : Religion and Politics After Liberalism

Religion

Author - Clayton Crockett
Publisher - Columbia University Press
Pages - 216
ISBN - 0231149832


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Detail - In the 1960s, the strict opposition between the religious and the secular began to break down, blurring the distinction between political philosophy and political theology. This collapse contributed to the decline of modern liberalism, which supported a neutral, value-free space for capitalism. It also deeply unsettled political, religious, and philosophical realms, forced to confront the conceptual stakes of a return to religion. Gamely intervening in a contest that defies simple resolutions, Clayton Crockett conceives of the postmodern convergence of the secular and the religious as a basis for emancipatory political thought. Engaging themes of sovereignty, democracy, potentiality, law, and event from a religious and political point of view, Crockett articulates a theological vision that responds to our contemporary world and its theo-political realities. Specifically, he claims we should think about God and the state in terms of potentiality rather than sovereign power. Deploying new concepts, such as Slavoj Žižek's idea of parallax and Catherine Malabou's notion of plasticity, his argument engages with debates over the nature and status of religion, ideology, and messianism. Tangling with the work of Derrida, Deleuze, Spinoza, Antonio Negri, Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, John D. Caputo, and Catherine Keller, Crockett concludes with a reconsideration of democracy as a form of political thought and religious practice, underscoring its ties to modern liberal capitalism while also envisioning a more authentic democracy unconstrained by those ties.

Christianity, Democracy, and the Radical Ordinary : Conversations between a Radical Democrat and a Christian

Religion

Author - Stanley Hauerwas, Roman Coles
Publisher - Lutterworth Press
Pages - 378
ISBN - 0718892178


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Detail - These essays reflect on possibilities and practices of radical democracy and radical ecclesia that take form in the textures of relational care for the radical ordinary. Hauerwas and Coels point out political and theological imaginations beyond the political formations, which seems to be the declination and the production of death. The authors call us to a revolutionary politics of 'wild patience' that seeks transformation through attentive practices of listening, relationship-building, and a careful tending to places, common goods, and diverse possibilities for flourishing.

Rousseau and Radical Democracy :

Philosophy

Author - Kevin Inston
Publisher - A&C Black
Pages - 226
ISBN - 144112845X


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Detail - Kevin Inston argues for the relevance of Rousseau's thought to contemporary debates about democracy and the work of such thinkers as Lefort, Laclau and Mouffe.

Gallant Antagonist :

Large type books

Author - Jessica Steele
Publisher - MacMillan Publishing Company
Pages - 286
ISBN - 9780263108217


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The Mystical as Political :

Religion

Author - Aristotle Papanikolaou
Publisher - University of Notre Dame Pess
Pages - 248
ISBN - 0268089833


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Detail - Theosis, or the principle of divine-human communion, sparks the theological imagination of Orthodox Christians and has been historically important to questions of political theology. In The Mystical as Political: Democracy and Non-Radical Orthodoxy, Aristotle Papanikolaou argues that a political theology grounded in the principle of divine-human communion must be one that unequivocally endorses a political community that is democratic in a way that structures itself around the modern liberal principles of freedom of religion, the protection of human rights, and church-state separation. Papanikolaou hopes to forge a non-radical Orthodox political theology that extends beyond a reflexive opposition to the West and a nostalgic return to a Byzantine-like unified political-religious culture. His exploration is prompted by two trends: the fall of communism in traditionally Orthodox countries has revealed an unpreparedness on the part of Orthodox Christianity to address the question of political theology in a way that is consistent with its core axiom of theosis; and recent Christian political theology, some of it evoking the notion of “deification,” has been critical of liberal democracy, implying a mutual incompatibility between a Christian worldview and that of modern liberal democracy. The first comprehensive treatment from an Orthodox theological perspective of the issue of the compatibility between Orthodoxy and liberal democracy, Papanikolaou’s is an affirmation that Orthodox support for liberal forms of democracy is justified within the framework of Orthodox understandings of God and the human person. His overtly theological approach shows that the basic principles of liberal democracy are not tied exclusively to the language and categories of Enlightenment philosophy and, so, are not inherently secular.

Force of God : Political Theology and the Crisis of Liberal Democracy

Religion

Author - Carl A. Raschke
Publisher - Columbia University Press
Pages - 240
ISBN - 0231539622


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Detail - For theorists in search of a political theology that is more responsive to the challenges now facing Western democracies, this book tenders a new political economy anchored in a theory of value. The political theology of the future, Carl Raschke argues, must draw on a powerful, hidden impetus—the "force of God"—to frame a new value economy. It must also embrace a radical, "faith-based" revolutionary style of theory that reconceives the power of the "theological" in political thought and action. Raschke ties democracy's retreat to the West's failure to confront its decadence and mobilize its vast spiritual resources. Worsening debt, rising unemployment, and gross income inequality have led to a crisis in political representation and values that twentieth-century theorists never anticipated. Drawing on the thought of Hegel and Nietzsche as well as recent work by Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Jean-Joseph Goux, Giorgio Agamben, and Alain Badiou, among others, Raschke recasts political theology for a new generation. He proposes a bold, uncompromising critical theory that acknowledges the enduring significance of Marx without his materialism and builds a vital, more spiritually grounded relationship between politics and the religious imaginary.

Between Faith and Thought : An Essay on the Ontotheological Condition

Religion

Author - Jeffrey W. Robbins
Publisher - University of Virginia Press
Pages - 193
ISBN - 9780813921631


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Detail - The ontotheological problem is perhaps the defining issue of contemporary philosophical theology, as it reveals that dimension of thought where reason and faith are indivisible and indissoluble—where philosophy recognizes its faith in reason and theology realizes its responsibility to thought. In Between Faith and Thought Jeffrey W. Robbins argues that ontotheology, far from being a problem to overcome, is instead the very condition of being and thought. Further, he asks, how might this ontotheological condition be thought of as a resource for creative and responsible engagement with the world? Robbins calls for a radical rethinking of contemporary philosophical theology, based upon the ethical insights of Emmanuel Levinas, that effectively redraws the boundaries between philosophy and theology and suggests an alternative relationship between faith and thought. Structured as a dialogue between the Continental philosophical tradition represented by such thinkers as Husserl, Heidegger, Kristeva, and Ricoeur and the contemporary theological tradition expressed by such figures as Barth, Bonhoeffer, and Marion, Robbins’s lucidly argued work models a new, more cooperative and less antagonistic style for contemporary philosophical theology. It also engages various facets of contemporary society to show how this new style and understanding of philosophical theology might function as a critical and constructive tool of cultural analysis. Studies in Religion and Culture

Cornelius Castoriadis and Radical Democracy :

Philosophy

Author - Vrasidas Karalis
Publisher - BRILL
Pages - 314
ISBN - 9004278583


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Detail - Cornelius Castoriadis (1922-1997) is a Greek-born French philosopher. In the first part of this volume, his most significant essays are translated to present young Castoriadis’ philosophical interpretations, while the second part highlights aspects of his mature philosophy.

Infinitely Demanding : Ethics of Commitment, Politics of Resistance

Philosophy

Author - Simon Critchley
Publisher - Verso Trade
Pages - 168
ISBN - 1781680175


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Detail - A new political ethics that confronts the injustices of liberal democracy.

Radical Democracy :

Political Science

Author - Douglas C. Lummis
Publisher - Cornell University Press
Pages - 185
ISBN - 9780801484513


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Detail - C. Douglas Lummis writes as if he were talking with intelligent friends rather than articulating political theory. He reminds us that democracy literally means a political state in which the people (demos) have the power (kratia). The people referred to are not people of a certain class or gender or color. They are, in fact, the poorest and largest body of citizens. Democracy is and always has been the most radical proposal, and constitutes a critique of every sort of centralized power. Lummis distinguishes true democracy from the inequitable incarnations referred to in contemporary liberal usage. He weaves commentary on classic texts with personal anecdotes and reflections on current events. Writing from Japan and drawing on his own experience in the Philippines at the height of People's Power, Lummis brings a cross-cultural perspective to issues such as economic development and popular mobilization. He warns against the fallacy of associating free markets or the current world economic order with democracy and argues for transborder democratic action. Rejecting the ways in which technology imposes its own needs, Lummis asks what work would look like in a truly democratic society. He urges us to remember that democracy should mean a fundamental stance toward the world and toward one’s fellow human beings. So understood, it offers an effective cure for what he terms "the social disease called political cynicism." Feisty and provocative, Radical Democracy is sure to inspire debate.

Theology, Political Theory, and Pluralism : Beyond Tolerance and Difference

Religion

Author - Kristen Deede Johnson
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages -
ISBN - 113946115X


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Detail - How can we live together in the midst of our differences? This is one of the most pressing questions of our time. Tolerance has been the bedrock of political liberalism, while proponents of agonistic political thought and radical democracy have sought an answer that allows a deeper celebration of difference. Kristen Deede Johnson describes the move from tolerance to difference, and the accompanying move from epistemology to ontology, within political theory. Building on this 'ontological turn', in search of a theological answer to the question, she puts Augustine into conversation with recent political theorists and theologians. This theological option enables the Church to envision a way to engage with contemporary political society without losing its own embodied story and practices. It contributes to our broader political imagination by offering a picture of rich engagement between the many different particularities that constitute a pluralist society.