Rationalizing Religion

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Rationalizing Religion : Religious Conversion, Revivalism and Competition in Singapore Society

Social Science

Author - Chee Kiong Tong
Publisher - BRILL
Pages - 326
ISBN - 9004156941


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Detail - Disputing the secularization hypothesis, this book examines the relationship between "religion and modernity," detailing and explaining religious conversion, revivalism, and religious competition in Singapore.There is intellectualization of religion, a shift from unthinking acceptance to rationalized religions.

Rationalization in Religions : Judaism, Christianity and Islam

Author - Yohanan Friedmann, Chair of Ancient Christianity and Vice President Christoph Markschies
Publisher - de Gruyter
Pages - 400
ISBN - 9783110444506


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Detail - Current tendencies in religious studies show a growing interest in the interchange between religions and the cultures of rationalization surrounding them. The studies published in this volume aim to contribute to this by dealing with concepts and influences of rationalization in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Instead of focusing on one religion, the editors aim for a comparative view.

Psychics and Mediums : The Role of Religion and Belief in Rationalizing Paranormal Phenomena

Author - Susan Mary Smith
Publisher -
Pages - 238
ISBN -


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Detail - Each participant completed a psychological life history profile among with a demographic sheet. the results of the study were based primarily on the results of a 19 item in-depth interview.

The Perception of Christianity as a Rational Religion in Singapore : A Missiological Analysis of Christian Conversion

Religion

Author - Clive S. Chin
Publisher - Wipf and Stock Publishers
Pages - 244
ISBN - 1498298087


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Detail - This book evaluates the common criticism that Christianity in Asia is westernized. Since the 1980s, Asian evangelical theologians and missiologists argue that the intrusion of Western theology is responsible for the Western and, hence, alien expressions of Christianity in Asia. Yet, in Singapore, the number of Christians has increased over the last few decades. Empirical evidence demonstrates that younger Chinese Singaporeans convert from Buddhism or Taoism to Christianity partly because they perceive it as a "rational" religion over Buddhism or Taoism, which are viewed as "irrational" or "superstitious." Not only do many converts favor Christianity as a rational religion, but they do not regard Christianity as a Western religion at the point of their conversion. What accounts for those recent developments? This study explores the processes of modernization and globalization as important factors, impacting religious change in Singapore. Personal, contextual, and structural elements actually influence one's religion of choice. In facilitating effective mission, one must qualify the use of the categories, "Asian" and "Western," because religious and cultural boundaries overlap. What matters most in missiology is discerning how the gospel of Jesus Christ engages the self-understanding and lived realities of ethnic and religious others in diverse cultural settings.

Religion in Republican Rome : Rationalization and Ritual Change

History

Author - Jorg Rupke
Publisher - University of Pennsylvania Press
Pages - 328
ISBN - 0812206576


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Detail - Roman religion as we know it is largely the product of the middle and late republic, the period falling roughly between the victory of Rome over its Latin allies in 338 B.C.E. and the attempt of the Italian peoples in the Social War to stop Roman domination, resulting in the victory of Rome over all of Italy in 89 B.C.E. This period witnessed the expansion and elaboration of large public rituals such as the games and the triumph as well as significant changes to Roman intellectual life, including the emergence of new media like the written calendar and new genres such as law, antiquarian writing, and philosophical discourse. In Religion in Republican Rome Jörg Rüpke argues that religious change in the period is best understood as a process of rationalization: rules and principles were abstracted from practice, then made the object of a specialized discourse with its own rules of argument and institutional loci. Thus codified and elaborated, these then guided future conduct and elaboration. Rüpke concentrates on figures both famous and less well known, including Gnaeus Flavius, Ennius, Accius, Varro, Cicero, and Julius Caesar. He contextualizes the development of rational argument about religion and antiquarian systematization of religious practices with respect to two complex processes: Roman expansion in its manifold dimensions on the one hand and cultural exchange between Greece and Rome on the other.

Law and Religion in the Roman Republic :

History

Author - Olga Tellegen-Couperus
Publisher - BRILL
Pages - 236
ISBN - 900421920X


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Detail - Drawing on epigraphic, legal, literary, and numismatic sources, this book reveals how, in the Roman Republic, law and religion interacted to serve the same purpose, the continued growth and consolidation of Rome’s power.

The Rationalization of Miracles :

Religion

Author - Paolo Parigi
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 193
ISBN - 1107013682


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Detail - Chronicles the emergence of modern sainthood, analyzing how the Catholic Church legitimized miracles during the Counter-Reformation in southern Europe.

The Dimensions that Establish and Sustain Religious Identity : A Study of Chinese Singaporeans Who are Buddhists or Taoists

Religion

Author - Daniel H. Y. Low
Publisher - Wipf and Stock Publishers
Pages - 182
ISBN - 1498243401


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Detail - Buddhism and Taoism remain vibrant and prominent in Singapore’s religious landscape. Yet, little is known of why Chinese Singaporeans chose and remain in these ancient religions. Analyzing over thirty face-to-face interviews with Buddhists and Taoists in Singapore, this book provides a glimpse into their fascinating narratives consisting of encounters and experiences with the presence and power of spiritual realities. A renewed understanding of Buddhism and Taoism will, hopefully, encourage readers of other religious traditions to create space for each other’s religious identity. Only then can we continue to live and share a multi-religious environment within the small nation-state.

Colonial 'reformation' in the Highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia, 1892-1995 :

Social Science

Author - Albert Schrauwers
Publisher - University of Toronto Press
Pages - 279
ISBN - 9780802083036


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Detail - Schrauwers examines the profound impact of a Dutch Protestant Mission on the religion and culture of the To Pamona people of the highlands of Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.

Postmodernism, Reason and Religion :

Social Science

Author - Ernest Gellner
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 256
ISBN - 1134894988


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Detail - First Published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Christian Pragmatism : An Intellectual Biography of Edward Scribner Ames, 1870-1958

Philosophy

Author - W. Creighton Peden
Publisher - Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Pages - 270
ISBN - 1443832448


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Detail - Edward Scribner Ames (1870–1958) was raised in the American Midwest as his family moved westward after the Civil War. His father was a minister in the Disciples of Christ, which was later changed to the Christian Church. In between serving several small churches in the Iowa area, his father did various odd jobs. Young Ames joined the Church one Sunday when his father was preaching, and was baptized in the river that afternoon. Ames was able to attend Drake College in Des Moines, Iowa, and did a post-graduate year here. He then went to Yale University’s Divinity School, where he was placed in the senior class because of his previous studies. Following the BD, he spent two years toward a PhD at Yale. In 1894, Dr William R. Harper, whom Ames had known at Yale, was the new president of the new University of Chicago. Harper arranged for a fellowship for Ames to complete his dissertation and become the first PhD student under the departmental leadership of John Dewey. Ames taught the next three years at Butler College, a Disciples institution. He then returned to Chicago to become minister of a very small Disciples Church located near the center of the University. Soon after his return as a minister, Dewey offered him part time teaching in the philosophy department. As the years went by Ames taught more until he carried a full teaching load, ministered to the people of his Church, raised money to build the Disciples Divinity House at the University of Chicago, served as Dean of the DDH, and retired as Chairman of the philosophy department. He continued serving as minister to his Church for five more years. Ames taught for thirty five years at the University of Chicago and served in his final ministry for forty years. Ames would have nothing to do with theology, which he considered to be a process of looking for a black cat in a dark room that is not there. Being strongly influenced by William James, Ames published Psychology of Religious Experience in 1910, in which he presents a pragmatic view of religious experiences from the perspective of the modern science of his day. If there is a God, this God must be immanent in nature. Humans are relational animals who have evolved like other animals. In considering Christianity, Ames begins with Jesus and seeks a God as good as Jesus. For Ames, Jesus’ greatness is to be found in his ethical and spiritual teachings. God is the total living process, which encompasses our intelligence and conduct. This God is not supernatural but wholly natural. Ames was a prolific writer. In order to expose the development of his thought, this volume presents his ideas historically by considering his major writings as well as journal articles, which addressed issues not completely considered in other writings. The companion volume, Edward Scribner Ames’ Unpublished Manuscripts, contains important lectures as he relates his pragmatism to John Dewey and other pragmatic thinkers, as well as attempting to lead Disciples’ ministers to expand their thought.

Religion, Interpretation and Diversity of Belief : The Framework Model from Kant to Durkheim to Davidson

Philosophy

Author - Terry F. Godlove
Publisher - CUP Archive
Pages - 207
ISBN - 9780521361798


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Detail - Different religious traditions offer apparently very different pictures of the world. How are we to make sense of this radical diversity of religious belief? In this book, Professor Godlove argues that religions are alternative conceptual frameworks, the categories of which organise experience in diverse ways. He traces the history of this idea from Kant to Durkheim, and then proceeds to discuss two constraints on the diversity of all human judgment and belief: first that human experience is made possible by shared, a priori rules, and second, that as language-users we must presuppose that we hold the vast bulk of our beliefs in common. Given these unavoidable constraints, it is clear how religions may offer encompassing symbolic systems that often diverge dramatically from one another. 'An original and brilliant critique of Durkheim and Kant from within the framework of Davidson's semantic theory. This book is required reading for anyone interested in the academic study of religion, and the problems of relativism and the diversity of belief.' -- Hans H. Penner, Dartmouth CollegeDifferent religious traditions offer apparently very different pictures of the world. How are we to make sense of this radical diversity of religious belief? In this book, Professor Godlove argues that religions are alternative conceptual frameworks, the categories of which organise experience in diverse ways. He traces the history of this idea from Kant to Durkheim, and then proceeds to discuss two constraints on the diversity of all human judgment and belief: first that human experience is made possible by shared, a priori rules, and second, that as language-users we must presuppose that we hold the vast bulk of our beliefs in common. Given these unavoidable constraints, it is clear how religions may offer encompassing symbolic systems that often diverge dramatically from one another. 'An original and brilliant critique of Durkheim and Kant from within the framework of Davidson's semantic theory. This book is required reading for anyone interested in the academic study of religion, and the problems of relativism and the diversity of belief.' -- Hans H. Penner, Dartmouth College