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Russian Formalism

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Russian Formalist Criticism : Four Essays

Literary Criticism

Author - Lee T. Lemon, Marion J. Reis
Publisher - U of Nebraska Press
Pages - 143
ISBN - 9780803254602


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Detail - "Some of the most important literary theory of this century."--College English Russian formalists emerged from the Russian Revolution with ideas about the independence of literature. They enjoyed that independence until Stalin shut them down. By then they had produced essays that remain among the best defenses ever written for both literature and its theory. Included here are four essays representing key points in the formalists' short history. Victor Scklovsky's pathbreaking "Art as Technique" (1917) vindicates disorder in literary style. His 1921 essay on Tristram Shandy makes that eccentric novel the centerpiece for a theory of narrative. A section from Tomashevsky's "Thematics" (1925) inventories the elements of stories. In "The Theory of the 'Formal Method'" (1927) Boris Eichenbaum defends Russian formalism from many attacks. An able champion, he describes formalism's evolution, notes its major workers and works, clears away decayed axioms, and rescues literature from "primitive historicism" and other dangers. These essays set a course for literary studies that led to Prague structuralism, French semiotics, and postmodern poetics. Russian Formalist Criticism has been honored as a Choice Outstanding Academic Book of the Year by the American Library Association.

Russian Formalism : History - Doctrine

Literary Criticism

Author - Victor Erlich
Publisher - Walter de Gruyter
Pages - 311
ISBN - 3110873370


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Russian Formalism : A Metapoetics

Literary Criticism

Author - Peter Steiner
Publisher - Cornell University Press
Pages - 280
ISBN - 1501707019


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Detail - Russian Formalism, one of the twentieth century's most important movements in literary criticism, has received far less attention than most of its rivals. Examining Formalism in light of more recent developments in literary theory, Peter Steiner here offers the most comprehensive critique of Formalism to date. Steiner studies the work of the Formalists in terms of the major tropes that characterized their thought. He first considers those theorists who viewed a literary work as a mechanism, an organism, or a system. He then turns to those who sought to reduce literature to its most basic element—language—and who consequently replaced poetics with linguistics. Throughout, Steiner elucidates the basic principles of the Formalists and explores their contributions to the study of poetics, literary history, the theory of literary genre, and prosody. Russian Formalism is an authoritative introduction to the movement that was a major precursor of contemporary critical thought.

The Polish Formalist School and Russian Formalism :

Education

Author - Andrzej Karcz
Publisher - University Rochester Press
Pages - 203
ISBN - 9781580461108


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Detail - A comparison of two schools of literary criticism, showing how the Polish Formalist School modified and transcended the original ideas of Russian Formalism.

Russian Formalism :

Formalism (Literary analysis)

Author - Robert Stolt
Publisher - GRIN Verlag
Pages - 28
ISBN - 3640560833


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Detail - Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Other, grade: 1,2, University of St Andrews, language: English, abstract: In the course of this essay the terminology that was applied by the Russian Formalist theoreticians shall be investigated (many terms were even invented and introduced by the Formalists themselves). More precisely, a careful look will be taken at how the literary critics, Medvedev and Bakhtin in The Formal Method in Literary Scholarship and Hansen-Love in Der Russische Formalismus examine the Formalist terms. In order to evaluate Formalist terminology accurately and objectively, the mentioned critics' theories shall be underpinned by and contrasted with the opinion of other critics in this field. Two of Shklovsky's articles, The Resurrection of the Word and Art as Device are taken as a starting point for paving the way for a detailed analysis of the formal terminology. The major focus lies on the term 'ostranenie' that was firstly introduced by Shklovsky (1991) and is most commonly translated as 'estrangement', 'defamiliarisation' or 'making it strange'. The essay shall not only analyse the origins of this concept, but furthermore, compare the different interpretations the term entails. Hansen-Love's evaluation of the concept of ostranenie as well as Medvedev and Bakhtin's assessment of Shklovsky' analysis of Tolstoy's Kholstomer in the view of estrangement reveals the critical approach on which this essay is based on. Moreover, the Russian term of 'obnazenie', the 'laying-bare' of the work (Hansen-Love, 1978) and 'oveshchestvlenie', the process of materialisation (Medvedev & Bakhtin, 1978), shall be regarded throughout this essay, since both concepts go hand in hand with the idea of ostranenie. In the last part of the essay, the formal theory of shutting out subjective consciousness from the work (Medvedev & Bakhtin, 1978) and the effects of this concept are in the centre of the attention. Th"

Russian Formalism and Anglo-American New Criticism : A Comparative Study

Literary Criticism

Author - Ewa M. Thompson
Publisher - Walter de Gruyter
Pages - 160
ISBN - 3110805030


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Russian Formalism : Anthology

Author - Shukman
Publisher -
Pages -
ISBN - 9780521289481


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Boris Eikhenbaum : Voices of a Russian Formalist

Literary Criticism

Author - Carol Joyce Any
Publisher - Stanford University Press
Pages - 281
ISBN - 9780804722292


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Detail - This is the first book-length study of Boris Eikhenbaum (1886-1959), a leading Russian Formalist and a pathbreaking Tolstoy scholar. The author carefully traces Eikhenbaum's intellectual trajectory from his pre-Formalist "philosophical" criticism, through Formalism to his later biographical criticism of Tolstoy and Lermontov. Eikhenbaum's contribution to Formalism has not heretofore received clear definition, and the author shows that his ideas and influence were even greater than previously supposed. His shift away from Formalism, with its emphasis on purely literary analysis, toward a criticism that emphasized the writer as a cultural figure is seen as a response to both political exigency and personal need. Although by the late 1910's Formalism had become poetics non grata in the Soviet Union, the author demonstrates that Eikhenbaum also had compelling intellectual reasons to move away from Formalism, which had reached a dead end. The author asserts that Eikhenbaum prolonged his scholarly life by concentrating on nineteenth-century Russian authors whose moral opposition to mainstream Russian intellectual thought served as a model for his own ethical stance in Stalin's Russia. This is particularly true of his monumental three-volume work on Tolstoy, which in its own way has been as influential as his Formalist writings. Throughout, the author relates Eikhenbaum's critical thinking to such current literary issues as intention, perception, meaning, reader reception, deconstruction, and the New Historicism.

Juri Tynjanov and Cleanth Brooks: a comparative study in Russian formalism and Anglo-American new criticism :

Literary Criticism

Author - Barbara Korpan Bundy
Publisher -
Pages - 298
ISBN -


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Literary Structure, Evolution, and Value : Russian Formalism and Czech Structuralism Reconsidered

Literary Criticism

Author - Jurij Striedter
Publisher - Harvard University Press
Pages - 317
ISBN - 9780674536531


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Formalism and Marxism :

Literary Criticism

Author - Tony Bennett
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 192
ISBN - 1134356684


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Detail - Russian Formalism and Marxist criticism had a seismic impact on twentieth-cetury literary theory and the shockwaves are still felt today. First published in 1979, Tony Bennett's Formalism and Marxism created its own reverberations by offering a ground-breaking new interpretation of the Formalists' achievements and demanding a new way forward in Marxist criticism. The author first introduces and reviews the work of the Russian Formalists, a group of theorists who made an extraordinarily vital contribution to literary criticism in the decade followig the October Revolution of 1917. Placing the work of key figures in context and addressing such issues as aesthetics, linguistics and the category of literature, literary form and function and literary evolution, Bennett argues that the Formalists' concerns provided the basis for a radically historical approach to the study of literature. Bennett then turns to the situation of Marxist criticism ad sketches the risks it has run in becoming overly entangled with the concerns of traditional aesthetics. He forcefully argues that through a serious and sympathetic reassessment of the Formalists and their historical approach, Marxist critics might find their way back on to the terrain of politics, where they and theri work belong. Addressing such crucial questions as 'What is literature?' or 'How should it be studied and to what end?', Formalism and Marxism explores ideas which should be considered by any student or reader of literature and provides a particular challenge to those interested in Marxist criticism. Now with a new afterword, this classic text still offers the best available starting point for those new to the field, as well as representing a crucial intervention in twentieth-century literary theory.

Russian formalist theory and its poetic ambiance :

Russian language

Author - Krystyna Pomorska
Publisher -
Pages - 127
ISBN -


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