Shell Middens In Atlantic Europe

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Shell Middens in Atlantic Europe :

History

Author - Nicky Milner, Oliver E. Craig, G. N. Bailey
Publisher - Oxbow Books Limited
Pages - 202
ISBN - 9781842172438


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Detail - Based on a workshop on shell middens in Atlantic Europe, held in the Kings Manor at the University of York in September 2005.

Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe : Perception and Society During the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age

Social Science

Author - Chris Scarre
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 224
ISBN - 1134482205


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Detail - Atlantic Europe is the zone par excellence of megalithic monuments, which encompass a wide range of earthen and stone constructions from inpressive stone circles to modest chambered tombs. A single basic concept lies behind this volume - that the intrinsic qualities encountered within the diverse landscapes pf Atlantic Europe both informed the settings chosen for the monuments and played a role in determining their form and visual appearance. Monuments and Landscape in Atlantic Europe goes significantly beyond the limits of existing debate by inviting archaeologists from different countries with the Atlantic zone (including Britain, France, Ireland, Spain and Sweden) to examine the relationship between landscape features and prehistoric monuments in their specialist regions. By placing the issue within a broader regional and intellectual context, the authors illustrate the diversity of current archaeological ideas and approaches converging around this central theme.

New Research at Riņņukalns, a Neolithic Freshwater Shell Midden in Northern Latvia :

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Publisher -
Pages -
ISBN -


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Detail - Abstract : The prehistoric shell middens of Atlantic Europe consist of marine molluscs, but the eastern Baltic did not have exploitable marine species. Here the sole recorded shell midden, at Riņņukalns in Latvia, is on an inland lake and is formed of massive dumps of freshwater shells. Recent excavations indicate that they are the product of a small number of seasonal events during the later fourth millennium BC. The thickness of the shell deposits suggests that this was a special multi-purpose residential site visited for seasonal aggregations by pottery-using hunter-gatherer communities on the northern margin of Neolithic Europe.

Rock Art and the Prehistory of Atlantic Europe : Signing the Land

Social Science

Author - Mr Richard Bradley, Richard Bradley
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 296
ISBN - 1134708920


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Detail - Along the Atlantic seaboard, from Scotland to Spain, are numerous rock carvings made four to five thousand years ago, whose interpretation poses a major challenge to the archaeologist. In the first full-length treatment of the subject, based largely on new fieldwork, Richard Bradley argues that these carvings should be interpreted as a series of symbolic messages that are shared between monuments, artefacts and natural places in the landscape. He discusses the cultural setting of the rock carvings and the ways in which they can be interpreted in relation to ancient land use, the creation of ritual monuments and the burial of the dead. Integrating this fascinating yet little-known material into the mainstream of prehistoric studies, Richard Bradley demonstrates that these carvings played a fundamental role in the organization of the prehistoric landscape.

Molluscs in Archaeology : Methods, Approaches and Applications

Social Science

Author - Michael J. Allen
Publisher - Oxbow Books
Pages - 200
ISBN - 1785706098


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Detail - The subject of 'Molluscs in Archaeology' has not been dealt with collectively for several decades. This new volume in Oxbow's 'Studying Scientific Archaeology' series addresses many aspects of molluscs in archaeology. It will give the reader an overview of the whole topic; methods of analysis and approaches to interpretation. It aims to be a broad based text book giving readers an insight of how to apply analysis to different present and past landscapes and how to interpret those landscapes.

The Origins of Agriculture in Europe :

Social Science

Author - I. J. Thorpe
Publisher - Routledge
Pages - 248
ISBN - 1134620101


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Detail - The Origins of Agriculture in Europe takes a look at current ideas in the light of a considerable mass of literature and archaeological evidence; examining the transition to agriculture through the comparison of social and economic developments across Europe. In this volume, I.J.Thorpe manages to evaluate various alternative explanations in detailed examples, whilst also succeeding in addressing the broader theoretical questions which form the nucleus of contemporary debates. This clearly written and accessible text is an extremely valuable resource for students of European prehistory.

Europe's First Farmers :

Social Science

Author - T. Douglas Price
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 395
ISBN - 9780521665728


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Detail - Essays by leading specialists on a central issue of European history: the transition to farming.

Mesolithic Europe :

History

Author - Geoff Bailey
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 467
ISBN - 0521855039


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Detail - A pan-European overview of the archaeology of hunter-gatherer societies, written by experts in each region.

Incremental Growth of the European Oyster Ostrea Edulis : Seasonality Information from Danish Kitchenmiddens

Social Science

Author - Nicky Milner
Publisher - British Archaeological Reports Limited
Pages - 139
ISBN -


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Detail - Based on an analysis of remains recovered from middens excavated at Mesolithic sites in Denmark, Milner's thesis aims to provide a methodology for identifying the seasonality of the European oyster. This in turn increases our understanding of the subsistence patterns of European hunter-gatherers. Much of the study examines the results of a modern control experiment. Includes an index of sites.

Stones and bones : formal disposal of the dead in Atlantic Europe during the Mesolithic-Neolithic interface 6000-3000 BC : archaeological conference in honour of the late Professor Michael J. Kelly : proceedings of the Stones and Bones Conference in Sligo, Ireland, May 1-5, 2002

Social Science

Author - Göran Burenhult
Publisher - British Archaeological Reports
Pages - 276
ISBN -


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Detail -

The Big Oyster : A Molluscular History of New York

History

Author - Mark Kurlansky
Publisher - Random House
Pages - 336
ISBN - 1409077934


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Detail - When Peter Minuit bought Manhattan for $24 in 1626 he showed his shrewdness by also buying the oyster beds off tiny, nearby Oyster Island, renamed Ellis Island in 1770. From the Minuit purchase until pollution finally destroyed the beds in the 1920s, New York was a city known for its oysters, especially in the late 1800s, when Europe and America enjoyed a decades-long oyster craze. In a dubious endorsement, William Makepeace Thackeray said that eating a New York oyster was like eating a baby. Travellers to New York were also keen to experience the famous New York oyster houses. While some were known for their elegance, due to a longstanding belief in the aphrodisiac quality of oysters, they were often associated with prostitution. In 1842, when the novelist Charles Dickens arrived in New York, he could not conceal his eagerness to find and experience the fabled oyster cellars of New York City's slums. The Big Oyster is the story of a city and of an international trade.Filled with cultural, social and culinary insight - as well as recipes, maps, drawings and photographs - this is history at its most engrossing, entertaining and delicious.

Trekking the Shore : Changing Coastlines and the Antiquity of Coastal Settlement

Social Science

Author - Nuno F. Bicho, Jonathan A. Haws, Loren G. Davis
Publisher - Springer Science & Business Media
Pages - 498
ISBN - 9781441982193


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Detail - Human settlement has often centered around coastal areas and waterways. Until recently, however, archaeologists believed that marine economies did not develop until the end of the Pleistocene, when the archaeological record begins to have evidence of marine life as part of the human diet. This has long been interpreted as a postglacial adaptation, due to the rise in sea level and subsequent decrease in terrestrial resources. Coastal resources, particularly mollusks, were viewed as fallback resources, which people resorted to only when terrestrial resources were scarce, included only as part of a more complex diet. Recent research has significantly altered this understanding, known as the Broad Spectrum Revolution (BSR) model. The contributions to this volume revise the BSR model, with evidence that coastal resources were an important part of human economies and subsistence much earlier than previously thought, and even the main focus of diets for some Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherer societies. With evidence from North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, this volume comprehensively lends a new understanding to coastal settlement from the Middle Paleolithic to the Middle Holocene.