The Language Instinct

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The Language Instinct : How the Mind Creates Language

Philosophy

Author - Steven Pinker
Publisher - Penguin UK
Pages - 496
ISBN - 0141929685


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Detail - 'Dazzling...Pinker's big idea is that language is an instinct...as innate to us as flying is to geese...Words can hardly do justice to the superlative range and liveliness of Pinker's investigations' - Independent 'A marvellously readable book...illuminates every facet of human language: its biological origin, its uniqueness to humanity, it acquisition by children, its grammatical structure, the production and perception of speech, the pathology of language disorders and the unstoppable evolution of languages and dialects' - Nature

Does a Language Instinct Exist? The Language Instinct Debate. :

Author - Linda Neuhaus
Publisher - GRIN Verlag
Pages - 76
ISBN - 3638656012


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Detail - Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1.0, University of Duisburg-Essen (Department of English Linguistics), course: Developments in modern Linguistics, 14 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: In 1994, when Steven Pinker's book "The language instinct" was published, the linguistic world was confronted with the renewed debate, whether language comes from innate ideas or is just the result of experiencing and learning. This important debate which concerns linguistics until today will be the topic of the following work. The important question is, if a language instinct really exists and which evidence one can provide to assume that our language ability is inherited. Until today, there is great discussion and speculation about innate language ideas and the most important proponent for them nowadays is Steven Pinker. To set his nativist ideas in an appropriate context, it is necessary to explain where the ideas of "nativism" and the opposite linguistic school "empiricism" come from and what characteristics they show. This constructs a context and prepares a base for the focus on Pinker's book. The most important founder of today's nativist thoughts is certainly Noam Chomsky, whose ideas were the basis for Pinker's assumption of a language instinct. For this reason, I will present a short summary of Chomsky's ideas as the last aspect of the first chapter. Pinker's arguments put forward in his work "The language instinct" will form the main part and second chapter of my work. I will present his definition of a language instinct and his given evidence for its existence. Because of the complexity of the pieces of evidence put forward in his whole work, I will pick up two of his most important aspects for innate language ideas: Pidgin and creoles and the case of the KE-Family. Afterwards, I will focus on two of his critics, Geoffrey Samspon and Stefan Schaden, because they composed bo

The 'Language Instinct' Debate : Revised Edition

Language Arts & Disciplines

Author - Geoffrey Sampson
Publisher - A&C Black
Pages - 224
ISBN - 0826473857


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Detail - When it was first published in 1997, Geoffrey Sampson's Educating Eve was described as the definitive response to Steven Pinker's The Language Instinct and Noam Chomsky's nativism. In this revised and expanded new edition, Sampson revisits his original arguments in the light of fresh evidence that has emerged since the original publication. Since Chomsky revolutionized the study of language in the 1960s, it has increasingly come to be accepted that language and other knowledge structures are hard-wired in our genes. According to this view, human beings are born with a rich structure of cognition already in place. But people do not realize how thin the evidence for that idea is. The 'Language Instinct' Debate examines the various arguments for instinctive knowledge, and finds that each one rests on false premisses or embodies logical fallacies. The structures of language are shown to be purely cultural creations. With a new chapter entitled 'How People Really Speak' which uses corpus data to analyse how language is used in spontaneous English conversation, responses to critics, extensive revisions throughout, and a new preface by Paul Postal of New York University, this new edition will be an essential purchase for students, academics, and general readers interested in the debate about the 'language instinct'.

The Language Instinct :

Author - Jesse Russell, Ronald Cohn
Publisher - Book on Demand Limited
Pages - 72
ISBN - 9785512631409


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Detail - High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Language Instinct is a book by Steven Pinker for a general audience, published in 1994. In it, Pinker argues that humans are born with an innate capacity for language. In addition, he deals sympathetically with Noam Chomsky's claim that all human language shows evidence of a universal grammar. In the final chapter Pinker dissents from the skepticism shown by Chomsky that evolution by natural selection is up to the challenge of explaining a human language instinct.

Works by Steven Pinker : The Language Instinct, the Blank Slate, the Stuff of Thought, Words and Rules, How the Mind Works

Literary Criticism

Author - Books Llc
Publisher - General Books
Pages - 24
ISBN - 9781158628575


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The Language of Statutes : Laws and Their Interpretation

Language Arts & Disciplines

Author - Lawrence Solan
Publisher - University of Chicago Press
Pages - 288
ISBN - 9780226767963


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Detail - Pulling the rug out from debates about interpretation, The Language of Statutes joins together learning from law, linguistics, and cognitive science to illuminate the fundamental issues and problems in this highly contested area. Here, Lawrence M. Solan argues that statutory interpretation is alive, well, and not in need of the major overhaul that many have suggested. Rather, he suggests, the majority of people understand their rights and obligations most of the time, with difficult cases occurring in circumstances that we can predict from understanding when our minds do not work in a lawlike way. Solan explains that these cases arise because of the gap between our inability to write crisp yet flexible laws on one hand and the ways in which our cognitive and linguistic faculties are structured on the other. Making our lives easier and more efficient, we’re predisposed to absorb new situations into categories we have previously formed—but in the legislative and judicial realms this can present major difficulties. Solan provides an excellent introduction to statutory interpretation, rejecting the extreme arguments that judges have either too much or too little leeway, and explaining how and why a certain number of interpretive problems are simply inevitable.

The Language Organ : Linguistics as Cognitive Physiology

Language Arts & Disciplines

Author - Stephen R. Anderson, David W. Lightfoot
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 263
ISBN - 9780521007832


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Detail - Challenging and original, this book discusses the biological basis for a person's use of language.

The Language Myth :

Language Arts & Disciplines

Author - Vyvyan Evans
Publisher - Cambridge University Press
Pages - 318
ISBN - 1107043964


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Detail - Drawing on cutting-edge research, Evans presents an alternative to the received wisdom, showing how language and the mind really work.

Language and Thought : A Rational Enquiry Into Their Nature and Relationship

Language Arts & Disciplines

Author - Amorey Gethin
Publisher - Intellect Books
Pages - 91
ISBN - 9781871516722


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Detail - "The author seeks to show that modern linguistics presents a false picture of the nature of language itself and of humans, and he exposes elementary but basic flaws in the account of language and thought in Steven Pinker's The Language Instinct. Gethin argues that language is not a wonderful biologically inherited asset but an artificial device that constantly misleads and harms all humanity. The way language is studied today is itself harmful because it enhances the reputation of language and sustains corrupt ways of thought. We need to try to recognize reality directly, without the intermediary of words." "Gethin also contends that linguistics is typical of the unaccountability of academic experts. He insists that if economists, sociologists, psychologists and linguisticians believe their work is important and intend it to influence the rest of the world, they have a duty to share and debate it with the general public."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Art Instinct : Beauty, Pleasure, & Human Evolution

Aesthetics

Author - Denis Dutton
Publisher - Oxford University Press, USA
Pages - 278
ISBN - 0199539421


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Detail - The Dinka have a connoisseur's appreciation of the patterns and colours of the markings on their cattle. The Japanese tea ceremony is regarded as a performance art. Some cultures produce carving but no drawing; others specialize in poetry. Yet despite the rich variety of artistic expression to be found across many cultures, we all share a deep sense of aesthetic pleasure. The need to create art of some form is found in every human society. In iThe Art Instinct/i, Denis Dutton exploresthe idea that this need has an evolutionary basis: how the feelings that we all share when we see a wonderful landscape or a beautiful sunset evolved as a useful adaptation in our hunter-gather ancestors, and have been passed on to us today, manifest in our artistic natures. Why do people indulge in displaying their artistic skills? How can we understand artistic genius? Why do we value art, and what is it for? These questions have long been asked by scholars in the humanities and in literature, but this is the first book to consider the biological basis of this deep human need. This sparking and intelligent book looks at these deep and fundamental questions, and combines the science of evolutionary psychology with aesthetics, to shed new light on longstanding questions about the nature of art.

The American Journal of Education :

Education

Author - Henry Barnard
Publisher -
Pages -
ISBN -


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The Unfolding of Language : An Evolutionary Tour of Mankind's Greatest Invention

Language Arts & Disciplines

Author - Guy Deutscher
Publisher - Metropolitan Books
Pages - 368
ISBN - 1466837837


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Detail - Blending the spirit of Eats, Shoots & Leaves with the science of The Language Instinct, an original inquiry into the development of that most essential-and mysterious-of human creations: Language Language is mankind's greatest invention-except, of course, that it was never invented." So begins linguist Guy Deutscher's enthralling investigation into the genesis and evolution of language. If we started off with rudimentary utterances on the level of "man throw spear," how did we end up with sophisticated grammars, enormous vocabularies, and intricately nuanced degrees of meaning? Drawing on recent groundbreaking discoveries in modern linguistics, Deutscher exposes the elusive forces of creation at work in human communication, giving us fresh insight into how language emerges, evolves, and decays. He traces the evolution of linguistic complexity from an early "Me Tarzan" stage to such elaborate single-word constructions as the Turkish sehirlilestiremediklerimizdensiniz ("you are one of those whom we couldn't turn into a town dweller"). Arguing that destruction and creation in language are intimately entwined, Deutscher shows how these processes are continuously in operation, generating new words, new structures, and new meanings. As entertaining as it is erudite, The Unfolding of Language moves nimbly from ancient Babylonian to American idiom, from the central role of metaphor to the staggering triumph of design that is the Semitic verb, to tell the dramatic story and explain the genius behind a uniquely human faculty.